Ecological Archives A014-009-A1

Alexandre H. Mas and Thomas V. Dietsch. 2004. Linking shade coffee certification to biodiversity conservation: butterflies and birds in Chiapas, Mexico. Ecological Applications 14:642–654.

Appendix A. Certification criteria evaluation tables. Values in italics listed under each management system represent the measured value for that system for each criterion. Pass, Fail, and Borderline indicate whether the management system would pass based on each criterion.

Certification program
Criteria requirement
         
 
A) Diversity of shade tree species
Finca Belen
Rustic
24 spp./0.2 ha
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
13 spp./0.2 ha
Finca Irlanda
Production
8 spp./0.2 ha
Finca Belen
Production
9 spp./0.2 ha
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
5 spp./0.2 ha
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
Multiple species
mostly native
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
10 native spp. w/
1 of each/1.73 acres
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
10 spp./ha
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Mexican Shade Coffee
Min. of 10 spp./ha
following curve
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
Min. of 10 spp./ha
following curve
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
 
B) Average height of "backbone" shade trees
Finca Belen
Rustic
12.5 m
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
8.98 m
Finca Irlanda
Production
9.03 m
Finca Belen
Production
7.33 m
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
7.94 m
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
NO SPECIFIC
REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
NO SPECIFIC
REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
12–15 m
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
Mexican Shade Coffee
12 m
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
12 m
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
 
C) Percent canopy cover
   
Finca Belen
Rustic
92.25%
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
54.25%
Finca Irlanda
Production
58.82%
Finca Belen
Production
48.22%
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
14.51%
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
Min. of 40%
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
Min. of 40%
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
Min. of 40%
after pruning
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Mexican Shade Coffee
Min. of 40%
after pruning
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
Min. of 60%
after pruning
PASS
FAIL
BORDERLINE
FAIL
FAIL
 
D) Percent presence of epiphytes
   
Finca Belen
Rustic
28.21%
Finca Irlanda
Buffer/Restor.
13.02%
Finca Irlanda
Production
17.14%
Finca Belen
Production
0.00%
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
5.88%
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
epiphyte should be conserved
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
PASS
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
no timing of epiphytes
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
PASS
Mexican Shade Coffee
no removal of epiphytes
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
PASS
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
no removal of epiphytes
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
PASS
 
E) Season of pruning
   
Finca Belen
Rustic
None
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
None
Finca Irlanda
Production
February
Finca Belen
Production
March
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
February
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
restricted during
dry season
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
should be done
in rainy season
PASS
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
Mexican Shade Coffee
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
 
F) Restoration and forest conservation projects
   
Finca Belen
Rustic
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
Finca Irlanda
Production
Finca Belen
Production
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
existing patches
must be conserved
PASS
PASS
PASS
BORDERLINE
BORDERLINE
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Mexican Shade Coffee
must be evidence
of regeneration
PASS
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
must be evidence
of regeneration
PASS
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
 
G) Composition of "backbone" shade trees
   
Finca Belen
Rustic
3% Inga
19% dom.
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
45% Inga
33% dom.
Finca Irlanda
Production
46% Inga
40% dom.
Finca Belen
Production
72% Inga
53% dom.
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
41% Inga
29% dom.
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT
...
...
...
...
...
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
at least 70%
perennial
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
<70% Inga spp.
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
PASS
Mexican Shade Coffee
<70% one spp.
and all nat.
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
<50% one spp.
and all nat.
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
PASS
             
H) Presence and height of emergent trees
   
Finca Belen
Rustic
46%>bckbn.
18%>15 m
Finca Irlanda
Restoration
40%>bckbn.
2%>15 m
Finca Irlanda
Production
43%>bckbn.
3%>15 m
Finca Belen
Production
38%>bckbn.
3%>15 m
Finca Hmbrgo
Production
35%>bckbn.
0%>15 m
Specialty Coffee Assoc.
Draft Shade Definition
min. two layers
top layer >10 m
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Rainforest Alliance
ECO-O.K. Coffee
20% of canopy
>15 m (as goal)
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
Smithsonian Mgr Brd. Ctr.
"Bird-Friendly" Coffee
20% of canopy
>"backbone"
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
Mexican Shade Coffee
presence of trees
>15 m
PASS
PASS
PASS
PASS
FAIL
Mexican Shade
Coffee PLUS
defined stratum
>20 m
PASS
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL
FAIL



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