Ecological Archives A022-108-A1

Navinder J. Singh, Luca Börger, Holger Dettki, Nils Bunnefeld, and Göran Ericsson. 2012. From migration to nomadism: movement variability in a northern ungulate across its latitudinal range. Ecological Applications 22:2007–2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-0245.1

Appendix A. A figure showing covariates and a correlation matrix for the covariates used to explain the latitudinal gradient in moose population movement patterns across Sweden.

FigA1
 
FIG. A1. Covariates used to explain the latitudinal gradient in moose population movement patterns across Sweden.

TABLE A1. Correlation Matrix for the covariates used to explain the latitudinal gradient in moose population movement patterns across Sweden.

Multicollinearity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vegetation Period

Temperature

Roads

Moose Density

Mean Snow Depth

Elevation

Bear Density

Harvest Pressure

VegetationPeriod

1.000

0.942

0.905

0.837

-0.735

-0.754

-0.858

0.902

Temperature

0.942

1.000

0.844

0.762

-0.731

-0.753

-0.793

0.852

Roads

0.905

0.844

1.000

0.929

-0.629

-0.487

-0.752

0.991

MooseDensity

0.837

0.762

0.929

1.000

-0.467

-0.442

-0.759

0.917

MeanSnowDep

-0.735

-0.731

-0.629

-0.467

1.000

0.625

0.565

-0.617

Elevation

-0.754

-0.753

-0.487

-0.442

0.625

1.000

0.736

-0.498

BearDensity

-0.858

-0.793

-0.752

-0.759

0.565

0.736

1.000

-0.735

HarvestPressure

0.902

0.852

0.991

0.917

-0.617

-0.498

-0.735

1.000

Spearman Correlations

Vegetation Period

Temperature

Roads

Moose Density

Mean Snow Depth

Elevation

Bear Density

Harvest Pressure

VegetationPeriod

1.000

0.907

0.723

0.730

-0.697

-0.871

-0.804

0.730

Temperature

0.907

1.000

0.608

0.616

-0.702

-0.831

-0.710

0.616

Roads

0.723

0.608

1.000

0.992

-0.470

-0.489

-0.731

0.992

MooseDensity

0.730

0.616

0.992

1.000

-0.461

-0.504

-0.731

1.000

MeanSnowDep

-0.697

-0.702

-0.470

-0.461

1.000

0.564

0.553

-0.461

Elevation

-0.871

-0.831

-0.489

-0.504

0.564

1.000

0.722

-0.504

BearDensity

-0.804

-0.710

-0.731

-0.731

0.553

0.722

1.000

-0.731

HarvestPressure

0.730

0.616

0.992

1.000

-0.461

-0.504

-0.731

1.000


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