Ecological Archives A024-033-A1

M. D. McDaniel, L. K. Tiemann, A. S. Grandy. 2014. Does agricultural crop diversity enhance soil microbial biomass and organic matter dynamics? A meta-analysis. Ecological Applications 24:560–570. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/13-0616.1

Appendix A. A table depicting details for all the studies used in this meta-analysis on crop rotation effects on soil microbial biomass and organic matter dynamics, including a full list of the references used in this meta-analysis and their DOIs.

Table A1. Details for all the studies used in this meta-analysis on crop rotation effects on soil microbial biomass and organic matter dynamics. Abbreviation for column headings are: Obs. = observation numbers, Dur. = duration, TC = total carbon, TN = total nitrogen, MBC = microbial biomass carbon, and MBN = microbial biomass nitrogen. Abbreviations for crops are: Acutifolium = At, Alfalfa = A, Barley = B, Brom grass = Bg, Canola = Cn, Cassava = Cs, Cereal rye, = Cy, Chick pea = Ch, Corn = C, Cotton = Ct, Cow pea = Cp, Crimson clover = Cc, Crotolaria = Cr, Cuccumber = Cu, Dictyoneura = Dt, Faba bean = Fb, Fallow = F, Field pea = Fp, Flax = Fx, Grassland = Gr, Green pea = GP, Kidney bean = Kb, Lentil = Ln, Lucerne = Lu, Lupin = Lp, Medic = Md, Millet = M, Oat = O, Oilseed radish = Oi, Orchard grass = Og, Peanut (Groundnut) = Pn, Potato = Po, Purple pigeon grass = PP, Red clover = Rc, Rice = Ri, Rye grass = Rg, Safflower = Sl, Sorghum = Sg, Soybean = S, Subterranean clover = Sc, Sugar beet = Be, Sun hemp = Sh, Sunflower = Sf, Timothy = Tm, Tomato = To, Triticale = Tr, Vetch = V, Watermellon = Wm, Wheat = W, Yellow clover = Yc. Below the table is a full list of literature used in the meta-analysis.

Reference(s)

Location

Obs.

Crops

Dur. (yrs)

Depth (cm)

TC

TN

MBC

MBN

Other treatments

 

 

 

 

 

 

-----------  Effect Size (r)  -----------

 

Acosta-Martinez (2007)

Acron, CO

2

W, C, M

15

15

0.21

0.21

0.39

0.30

 

Acosta-Martinez (2008)

Sasser, GA

2

Ct., P

8

20

0.32

0.15

0.08

 

 

Acosta-Martinez (2010)

Hale County, TX

1

Ct., W, C

70

20

0.27

0.33

0.68

1.24

 

Acosta-Martinez (2011)

New Deal, TX

1

Ct., Sg.

7

10

-0.01

 

0.25

0.01

 

Anderson and Domsch (1989)

Multiple sites in Germany

5

W, O, Be,

14-25

10

0.18

0.17

0.34

 

 

Angers (1993)

LaPocateire, Quebec

3

B, Rc,

4

20

 

 

0.18

 

Till

Angers (1999)

Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island

3

Po, B, Rg, Rc

10

15

0.08

0.12

0.57

 

 

Armstrong (2003)

Queensland, Australia

2

G, Lu.-Md.

7

20

0.01

 

0.15

0.18

 

Arshad (2011)

Beaver Lodge, Alberta

1

B, Rc

24

7.5

0.05

0.06

0.06

0.18

 

Aziz (2011)

Piketon, OH

2

C, S, W, Rg

5

30

0.09

0.08

0.15

 

 

Barbera (2010)

Sicily, Italy

3

W, Fb

19

15

-0.06

-0.13

 

 

Till

Bationo and Ntare (2000)

Niger, Africa

4

M, Pn, Cp

4

20

0.07

0.09

 

 

 

Bayer (2000)

Rio Grande, Brazil

2

C, O, Cp, V

15

30

0.13

0.16

 

 

Till

Bell (2003)

Ralston, WA

1

W, B

8

10

-0.02

0.17

0.33

 

 

Benjamin (2010)

Akron, CO

2

C, Kb, B, W, Sf

 

7

30

-0.10

 

 

 

 

Blair and Crocker (2000)

Tamworth, New South Wales, Australia

10

F, Lu, Ch, Sc, Md

9

10

0.08

 

 

 

2 soils

Bowman (1999)

Akron, CO

3

W, F, M, C

7

15

-0.07

0.01

 

 

 

Bremer (1995)

Lethridge, Alberta

2

W, F

38

30

-0.12

 

 

 

Fallow

Bremer (2002)

Bowlsland, Alberta

2

W, F

6

30

-0.05

-0.04

 

 

 

Bronick and Lal (2005)

Geauga, OH

1

C, W, A, Og

3

10

-0.25

 

 

 

 

Bunemann (2004)

Central Kisa, Kenya

2

C, Cr, F

6

30

0.13

0.22

0.37

 

 

Caesar-Ton That (2011)

Culbertsen, MT

1

W, Ln

12

5

-0.20

0.20

 

 

 

Campbell (1991)

Indian Head, Saskatchewan

5

W, F, Br

30

15

-0.05

-0.03

-0.05

-0.09

Fertilizer

Campbell (1996)

Swift Current, Saskatchewan

2

W, F

8

15

0.04

-0.05

 

 

 

Campbell (2001)

Indian Head, Saskatchewan

2

W, Br, A

40

15

0.07

0.06

 

 

 

Campbell (1998)

Multiple Sites Saskatchewan

6

W, F, Br, A

11-36

7.5-15

-0.05

-0.05

0.04

-0.16

 

Campbell (1999)

Multiple Sites Saskatchewan

5

W, F, R, Fx, Ln

39

15

-0.04

 

 

 

 

Carter (2002)

Charlottestown, Prince Edward Island

1

C, B

6

5

-0.09

 

0.03

 

 

Chang (1996)

Edmonton, Alberta

4

B, Fb, Fp

5

10

 

 

0.16

0.13

 

Collins (1992)

Pendelton, OR

2

W, F, Gp

56

10

 

 

-0.26

-0.17

 

Conti (1998)

Cordoba, Argentina

1

C, S

14

20

 

-0.08

 

 

 

Coulter (2009)

Three sites in Illinois

3

C, S

9

30

-0.08

-0.06

 

 

 

DeMaria (1999)

Sao Paulo, Brazil

2

C, S

 

30

-0.08

 

 

 

 

Dou (2007)

Burleson, TX

4

S, W, Sg,

20

30, 105

0.17

0.20

 

 

 

Dou (2008)

Burleson, TX

2

S, W, Sg

20

105

0.21

0.28

 

 

 

Dou and Honz (2008)

Brazos River, TX

4

S, W, Sg

19

30

0.08

 

 

 

 

Doyle (2004)

Ashland Bottoms, KS

4

W, S, Sg

30

15

0.11

0.08

0.36

0.17

 

Drury (1998)

Woodslee, Ontario

2

C, O, A

35

70

0.34

 

0.37

 

 

Edwards (1992)

Crossville, AL

4

C, S

19

45

-0.05

 

 

 

Tillage

Eghball (1994)

Lincoln, NE

1

C, S

11

 

-0.06

 

 

 

 

Ekenler and Tabatabai (2002)

Kanawha and Nashua, IA

11

C, S, O, A

30-50

15

-0.01

-0.01

0.23

0.11

 

Entry (1996)

Auburn, AL

2

Ct, C, S, Cc

98

10

0.01

 

-0.15

0.70

 

Fortuna (2008)

Lexington, KY

4

C, S, V

8

15

0.09

0.19

 

 

Tillage

Franzluebbers (1995)

Brazos River, TX

8

W, S, Sg

10

20

0.24

 

0.16

0.17

 

Fraser (1998)

Mead, NE

4

C, O, S, Rc, Yc

6

7.5

 

 

0.02

 

 

Gasser (1995)

St. LamberdeLevis, Quebec

2

Po, R, B

10

 

0.02

 

 

 

 

Gijsman (1997)

Llanos Orientales, Columbia

2

Ri, Dt, At

4

10

0.08

0.05

0.12

0.54

 

Godsey (2007)

Ashland Bottoms, KS

4

W, S, Sg

30

15

0.15

0.08

 

 

 

Gonzales-Chavez (2010)

College Station, TX

2

W, S, Sg

25

5

0.06

0.03

0.13

0.09

Tillage

Govaerts (2007)

El Baton, Mexico

4

C, W

14

15

0.00

-0.17

0.20

0.23

Tillage

Gregorich (2001)

Woodslee, Ontario

2

C, A, Rc

39

10

0.05

 

 

 

Fertilizer

Guo (2011)

Woodslee, Ontario

9

C, S, W, Rc

6

10

0.01

0.03

 

 

 

Havlin (1990)

Manhattan, KS

4

C,S

15

15

-0.02

-0.04

 

 

Fertilizer

Haynes (1999)

Canterbury, New Zealand

1

R, A

5

20

-0.01

0.00

-0.07

-0.03

 

Heenan (2004)

Wagga Wagga, Australia

1

W, Lu

20

 

0.23

0.48

 

 

 

Hernandez-Ramirez (2009)

West Lafayette, IN

1

C, S

7

15

0.04

0.04

 

 

 

Hickman (2002)

West Lafayette, IN

3

C, S, W

17

15

 

 

 

 

 

Holeplass (2004)

Akershus, Norway

6

B, W, O, A, Tm, Po, Be

7

25

0.10

0.10

 

 

 

Holford (1990)

Tamworth, New South Wales

4

W, F, Fb, Cp

8

15

-0.04

0.00

 

 

 

Honeycutt (1995)

New Port, ME

4

Po, V, A, O

2

15

0.03

0.02

 

 

 

Hossain (1996)

Warra, Queensland, Australia

4

W, Ch, Md, Lu

9

30

0.04

0.06

 

 

 

Huggins (2007)

Waseca, MN

6

C, S

14

40

0.00

 

 

 

Tillage

Hulugalle (2006)

New South Wales, Australia

2

Ct, Fp, W

22

60

0.01

 

 

 

 

Jarecki (2005)

Geauga, OH

1

C, W, A, Og

3

50

-0.04

0.12

 

 

 

Jokela (2011)

Arlington, WI

1

C, S

18

20

0.00

0.01

-0.18

 

 

Juo and Lal (1977)

West Africa

1

C, Cs

3

15

0.10

0.04

1.05

 

 

Kanda (2002)

Campo Grande, Brazil

1

S, Gr

5

10

0.07

-0.04

 

 

 

Karlen (2006)

3 sites in IA and WI

11

C, S, A, Rc, O

18-42

15

0.10

 

0.14

 

 

Kou (2012)

Gongzhuling, China

2

C, S

20

100

0.03

 

 

 

 

Ladd (1994)

Tarlee, Australia

1

W, Gr

19

10

0.23

0.20

0.16

 

 

Lal (1994)

Wooster, OH

6

C, S, O, (A or Rg)

29

15

-0.20

 

 

 

 

Liebig (2004)

Mandan, ND

4

W, M, Sl, F

8

7.5

-0.05

-0.04

-0.07

-0.06

 

Liebig and Varvel (2003)

Mead, NE

6

C, S, O, Rc, Sg

15

30.5

0.10

 

 

 

 

Liu (2005)

Heilongjiang, China

3

C, S, W

14

 

0.09

0.04

 

 

 

Lopez-Bedillo (1997)

Cordoba, Spain

8

W, Sf, Ch, Fb, F

6

30

-0.09

 

 

 

 

Manojlovic (2008)

Rimski Sancevi, Serbia

3

C, S, W

33

30-40

-0.06

0.01

 

 

 

Marschner (2004)

3 sites in Africa

3

Sg, P

4

 

 

 

-0.02

0.41

 

Masri and Ryan (2006)

Aleppo, Syria

5

W, Wm, Ch, F, Ln, Md

12

20

0.08

 

 

 

 

McNeill (1998)

Australia

1

W, Sc

4

 

0.20

0.49

 

 

 

Meriles (2009)

Cardoba, Argentina

2

S, C

12

5

0.18

0.08

0.11

 

 

Meyer-Aurich (2006)

Guelph, Ontario

7

C, B, Rc, S, A, W

20

34

0.02

 

 

 

 

Miglierina (2000)

Buenos Aires, Argentina

2

W, V, O, Tr, Gr

15

21

0.13

0.14

 

 

 

Mitchell and Entry (1998)

Auburn, AL

3

Ct, V, Cc, R

98

 

0.75

 

 

 

 

Mrabet (2001)

Settat, Morocco

3

W(F), Gr, C, Ln

11

20

0.02

-0.02

 

 

 

Murphy (2011)

Western, Australia

2

W, Cn, Fp, Md

5

34

0.18

-0.09

0.18

 

 

Nayyar (2009)

Indian Head, Saskatchewan

1

Ch, W

12

120

0.08

 

0.23

 

 

Omay (1997)

Silver Lake, KS

2

C, S

10

15

-0.15

-0.08

-0.10

-0.22

 

Omonode (2006)

West Lafayette, IN

1

C, S

23

100

0.03

-0.32

 

 

 

Perucci (1997)

Umbria, Italy

2

W, C

22

20

-0.04

-0.02

-0.05

 

 

Pikul (2001)

Brookings, SD

2

C, S, W, A

21

 

0.01

-0.02

 

 

 

Pikul (2008)

Brookings, SD

6

C, S, W, A

10

15

0.05

 

 

 

N fertilizer

Riedell (1998)

Brookings, SD

1

C, S

4

20

0.04

0.02

 

 

 

Robinson (1996)

3 sites in IA

8

C, S, Rc, A, O

 

15

0.02

 

 

 

 

Russell (2006)

Kanawha, IA

14

C, S, O, A

48

15

0.07

0.08

0.10

 

Multiple C yrs

Ryan (2009)a

Aleppo, Syria

3

W, Md, V, F

10

20

 

 

0.43

 

 

Ryan (2009)b

Aleppo, Syria

3

W, Md, V, F

10

20

 

0.07

 

0.02

 

Sainju (2007)

Culbertsen, MT

1

W, B, GP

21

20

-0.05

 

0.07

 

 

Sainju (2011)

Sydney, MT

6

W, GP, B, C,

5

20

-0.02

0.00

 

 

Tillage

Sainju (2006)a

Havre, MT

8

W, Ln, GP, F

3-5

20

0.02

0.04

 

 

Tillage

Sainju (2006)b

Culbertsen, MT

2

W, GP, F

3-6

20

-0.16

 

-0.08

 

 

Sainju (2007)

Havre, MT

9

W, GP, Ln, F

6-21

5-20

 

-0.07

-0.06

0.29

Tillage

Sainju and Lessens (2011)

Culbertsen, MT

1

W, B, GP

3

120

-0.12

 

0.09

 

 

Sarawat (2005)

Multiple sites in India

1

W, Rc

 

 

-0.59

-0.41

 

 

 

Schutter and Dick (2002)

Corvalis, OR

1

GB, V, O

5

5

 

 

0.32

 

 

Smettem (1992)

Kapunda, Australia

4

W, Lp, Gr

5

5

-1.11

0.06

 

 

 

Soler (2011)

Farako, Burkina Faso

3

Sg, F, Ct, C

5-9

20

0.04

 

 

 

 

Soon (2007)

Ft. Vermillion, Alberta

3

W, GP, Cn, Rc, F

10

30

0.00

 

 

 

 

Soon and Arshad (1996)

Northwestern Alberta

1

B, Rc, A, Bg

18

30

-0.02

-0.03

 

 

 

Soon and Darwent (1998)

Beaver Lodge, Alberta

5

B, Cn, Rc, F

5-18

30

0.00

-0.01

0.06

 

 

Studdert and Echeverria (2000)

Balcarce, Argentina

24

W, C, S, Sf

 

17

0.04

 

 

 

Fertilizer

Thierfelder and Wall (2010)

S. Province, Zambia

2

C, Ct, Sh

6

30

-0.15

 

 

 

 

VanEckeren (2008)

Gent, Belgium

2

C, Gr

 

10

-0.05

-0.07

 

 

 

Varennes and Torres (2011)

Pegoes, Portugal

2

O, Lp

2

15

-0.06

 

 

 

 

Vargas Gil (2009)

Cordoba, Argentina

1

S, C

14

5

0.17

0.18

-0.14

 

 

Varvel (1994)

Mead, NE

9

C, S, Sg, O, Rc, Yc

8

30

0.04

0.02

 

 

Fertilizer

Varvel and Wilhelm (2010)

Lincoln, NE

4

C, S

24

30

0.01

 

 

 

Tillage

Varvel (2006)

Mead, NE

18

C, S, Sg, O, Rc, Yc

20

30

0.05

 

 

 

Fertilizer

Wang (2006)

Zonglianchuan, China

4

A, M, C, Po, W

10

20

-0.44

-0.22

 

 

 

Wani (1993)

Breton, Alberta

2

B, Fb, Rc, Bg, A, W

8

15

0.13

0.15

 

 

 

Wani (1994)

Breton, Alberta

2

B, Fb, Rc, Bg, A, W

9

15

0.13

0.23

0.66

0.29

 

Witt (2000)

Laguna, Philippines

2

C, Ri

3

15

-0.10

-0.10

 

 

Fertilizer

Wood and Edwards (1992)

Crossville, AL

2

C, W, S

10

20

-0.04

0.02

 

 

 

Wright (2008)

Burleson, TX

1

Ct, C

6

15

0.20

0.20

 

 

 

Wright and Honz (2005)

Brazos River, TX

4

W, S, Sg

20

20

0.11

0.05

 

 

 

Wu (2003)

Central Butte, Saskatchewan

1

Cy, Oi, GP, A

10

10

0.38

 

0.23

 

 

Yang and Kay (2001)

Guelph, Ontario

7

C, B, Rc, S

20

40

-0.01

 

 

 

 

Yao (2006)

Haerbin City, Hailongjaing Province, China

2

Cu, W, To

15-20

15

0.31

0.25

0.41

 

 

Yusuf (2009)

Samaru,Guinea, Nigeria

1

C, Cp, S

5

 

0.03

0.24

0.28

1.08

 

Zotarelli (2005)

Passa Fundo, Brazil

2

S, W, V, C, O

15

20

-0.01

-0.06

 

 

 

 

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