Ecological Archives E085-035-A3

Andrea F. Huberty and Robert F. Denno. 2004. Plant water stress and its consequences for herbivorous insects: a new synthesis. Ecology 85:1383–1398.

Appendix C. A table showing published cases of plant–herbivore interactions used in the meta-analysis.

Table C3.  Published cases of plant–herbivore interactions used in a meta-analysis (MA) to assess the performance of phytophagous insects on experimentally water-stressed host plants, as well as to assess the effect of water stress on plant nitrogen and leaf water content. The taxonomy of herbivores (order, family, and species) and their host plants (family and species) are given. 

Major Guild

Sub-guild

Herbivore Order

Herbivore Family

Herbivore

Host Family

Host Plant

Herbivore
d (var)

Nitrogen
d (var)

% Water
d (var)

Reference

                     

Chewer

Chewer

 
 

Chewing Insects

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.5715
(0.1388)

 
 

[24]

Chewer

Free-living

Orthoptera

 

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.3286
(0.2534)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Free-living

Orthoptera

Acrididae

Bootettix argentalus Bruner

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.7464
(0.2674)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Free-living

Coleoptera

NA

multiple species

Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.

0.517
(0.3445)

 
 

[42]

Chewer

Free-living

Coleoptera

NA

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.7749
(0.3484)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Free-living

Coleoptera

Chrysomelidae

Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)

Solanaceae

Solanum berthaultii Hawkes

-0.1309
(0.0954)

 
 

[35]

Chewer

Free-living

Coleoptera

Chrysomelidae

Paropsis atomaria Oliver

Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.

0.3199
(0.1286)

12.0722
(12.811)

-15.305
(20.1872)

[30]

Chewer

Free-living

Coleoptera

Coccinellidae

Epilachna varivestis Muslant

Fabaceae

Glycine max (L.) Merr.

-1.398
(0.425)

 
 

[29]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Geometridae

Semiothesia sp.

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.9251
(0.2767)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Lasiocampidae

Malacosoma disstria Hubner

Aceraceae

Acer saccharum Marsh.

-0.8577
(0.1213)

0.8727
(0.1952)

-18.4399
(4.838)

[38]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Lasiocampidae

Malacosoma disstria Hubner

Salicaceae

Populus tremuloides Michx.

-1.1451
(0.1293)

-0.6299
(0.1332)

-27.66
(10.737)

[38]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Lymantriidae

Lymantria dispar L.

Betulaceae

Betula papyrifera CloneS5

0.2358
(0.1489)

 
 

[43]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Noctuidae

Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)

Poaceae

Zea mays L.

0.5256
(0.0694)

 
 

[41]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Noctuidae

Helicoverpa zea (Boddie)

Solanaceae

Lycopersicon esculentum var. Agriset

-1.3022
(0.1731)

-0.3114
(0.1446)

-1.1487
(0.1667)

[18]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Noctuidae

Mythimna convecta (Walker)

Poaceae

Astrebla lappacea (Lindl.) Domin

-6.4342
(4.1166)

-0.6197
(0.6987)

-14.6643
(18.5268)

[36]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Pieridae

Pieris rapae L.

Brassicaceae

Brassica napus L.

0.657
(0.0785)

12.1995
(13.069)

-16.9283
(24.547)

[30]

Chewer

Free-living

Lepidoptera

Pieridae

Pieris rapae L.

Brassicaceae

Brassica oleracea L.

-0.8235
(0.217)

 
 

[34]

Chewer

Free-living

Hymenoptera

Dipronidae

Neodiprion autumnalis Smith

Pinaceae

Pinus ponderosa Doug ex. Laws

-0.6105
(0.0355)

 
 

[27, 45]

Chewer

Free-living

Hymenoptera

Diprionidae

Neodiprion fulviceps Cresson

Pinaceae

Pinus ponderosa Doug ex. Laws

-0.3417
(0.0564)

 
 

[45]

Chewer

Free-living

Hymenoptera

Diprionidae

Neodiprion gilletei (Rohwer)

Pinaceae

Pinus ponderosa Doug ex. Laws

-0.8711
(0.00973)

 
 

[28]

Chewer

Free-living

Hymenoptera

Diprionidae

Neodiprion sertifer (Geoff.)

Pinaceae

Pinus silvestris L.

1.04
(0.00443)

 
 

[5]

Chewer

Borer

Coleoptera

Buprestidae

Agrilus bilineatus (Weber)

Fagaceae

Quercus alba L.

2.3513
(0.6764)

 
 

[8]

Chewer

Borer

Coleoptera

Cerambycidae

Phoracantha semipunctata (F.)

Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus globulus (Labill.)

4.0176
(0.3598)

 
 

[4]

Chewer

Borer

Coleoptera

Cerambycidae

Phoracantha semipunctata (F.)

Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus tereticornis Sm.

0.7568
(0.5691)

 
 

[15]

Chewer

Borer

Coleoptera

Scolytidae

Dendroctonus frontalis Zimm.

Pinaceae

Pinus taeda L.

-0.7685
(0.138)

 
 

[9]

Chewer

Borer

Coleoptera

Scolytidae

Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins

Pinaceae

Pinus contorta Douglas var. latifolia Engelmann

0.9325
(0.6454)

 
 

[32]

Chewer

Borer

Lepidoptera

Gelechiidae

Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders)

Malvaceae

Gossypium hirsutum L.

0.7802
(0.1793)

 
 

[11]

Chewer

Miner

Lepidoptera

Gelechiidae

Aproaerema modicella (Deventer)

Fabaceae

Arachis hypogeae L.

4.7982
(0.3169)

 
 

[48]

Chewer

Miner

Lepidoptera

Gracilleriidae

Cameraria sp. B

Fagaceae

Quercus emoryi Torr.

-1.0582
(0.57)

 

-0.0539
(0.5002)

[3]

Chewer

Miner

Lepidoptera

Yponomeutidae

Prays fraxinella Bjerk.

Oleaceae

Fraxinus excelsior L.

1.0648
(0.1522)

 
 

[12]

Chewer

Miner

Diptera

Agromyzidae

Agromyza nigripes Meigen

Poaceae

Holcus lanatus L.

-1.5796
(0.2939)

 
 

[7]

Chewer

Miner

Diptera

Agromyzidae

Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)

Solanaceae

Lycopersicon esculentum var. Agriset

-1.9738
(0.2124)

-0.3114
(0.1446)

-1.1487
(0.1664)

[18]

Chewer

Miner

Diptera

Drosophilidae

Scaptomyza nigrita Wheeler

Brassicaceae

Cardamine cordifolia A. Gray

4.0037
(1.2015)

-0.3233
(0.4052)

 

[25]

Chewer

Gall Former

Diptera

Cecidomyiidae

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.5697
(0.2601)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Gall Former

Diptera

Cecidomyiidae

Asphondylia clavata Gagne

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-2.3228
(0.4186)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Gall Former

Diptera

Cecidomyiidae

Asphondylia digitata Gagne

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.2323
(0.2975)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Gall Former

Diptera

Cecidomyiidae

Asphondylia resinosa Gagne

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.585
(0.2607)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Gall Former

Diptera

Cecidomyiidae

Asphondylia silicula Gagne

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.6456
(0.3346)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Gall Former

Diptera

Cecidomyiidae

Asphondylia villosa Gagne

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.6312
(0.3332)

 
 

[39]

Chewer

Gall Former

Hymenoptera

Tenthredinidae

Euura lasiolepis Smith

Salicaceae

Salix lasiolepis Bentham

-1.855
(0.0737)

5.1465
(2.873)

 

[6, 37, 46]

Sap-feeder

Sap-feeder

NA

NA

Sap-feeding Insects

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.5292
(0.138)

 
 

[24]

Sap-feeder

Sap-feeder

Hemiptera

NA

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.0602
(0.2501)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Sap-feeder

Hemiptera

Cicadellidae

Cicadellid 1

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0
(0.25)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Sap-feeder

Hemiptera

Cicadellidae

Cicadellid 2

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.1556
(0.2917)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Sap-feeder

Hemiptera

Coccoidea

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.1067
(0.2504)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Adelgidae

Adelges abietis L.

Pinaceae

Picea abies Karst

-0.5637
(0.04339)

 
 

[2]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aleyrodidae

Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring

Malvaceae

Gossypium hirsutum L.

-0.1215
(0.1336)

 
 

[40]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aleyrodidae

Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring

Solanaceae

Lycopersicon esculentum var. Agriset

-1.0835
(0.1638)

-0.3114
(0.1446)

-1.1487
(0.1664)

[18]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aleyrodidae

Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) B-biotype

Cucurbitacae

Cucumis melo L.

0.347
(0.127)

0.3343
(0.2535)

 

[19]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aleyrodidae

Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) B-biotype

Malvaceae

Gossypium hirsutum L.

1.3472
(0.1023)

 
 

[11]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Aphis fabae Scop.

Brassicaeae

Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic.

1.1324
(0.0596)

3.6347
(0.5303)

-0.7572
(0.2143)

[13]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Aphis fabae Scop.

Celastraceae

Euonymus euopaeus L.

-2.8878
(0.5158)

 
 

[20, 21]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Aphis fabae Scop.

Fabaceae

Vicia faba L.

-1.740
(0.461)

1.5264
(0.6426)

-2.8808
(1.1019)

[21]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Brevicoryne brassicae (L).

Brassicaceae

Brassica napus L.

1.7775
(0.1116)

6.7176
(2.2136)

 

[31]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Cinara costata Zett.

Pinaceae

Picea abies Karst

0.3721
(0.2035)

 
 

[23]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko)

Poaceae

Triticum aestivum L.

1.8034
(0.3518)

 
 

[1]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Elatobium abietinum (Walker)

Pinaceae

Picea sitchensis (Bang.) Carr.

-1.8838
(0.1964)

 
 

[26, 47]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Pemphigus betae Doane

Chenopodiaceae

Chenopodium album L.

-1.009
(0.1409)

 
 

[33]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Pemphigus betae Doane

Polygonaceae

Rumex crispus L.

-1.1204
(0.1446)

 
 

[33]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Aphididae

Sitobion avenae F.

Poaceae

Triticum aestivum L.

-0.3457
(0.1287)

 
 

[10]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Cicadellidae

Empoasca fabae (Harris)

Fabaceae

Medicago sativa L.

-1.141
(0.012)

 
 

[16, 17]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Cicadellidae

Empoasca kerri Pruthi

Fabaceae

Arachis hypogaea L.

-3.7572
(0.2821)

 
 

[48]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Membracidae

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.1993
(0.2512)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Membracidae

Multireoides sp.

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.8783
(0.3603)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Psyllidae

multiple species

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.3088
(0.253)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Psyllidae

Aphalara sp.

Brassicaeae

Cardamine cordifolia A. Gray

-3.7248
(0.5594)

0.116
(0.4052)

 

[25]

Sap-feeder

Phloem

Hemiptera

Tachardiidae

Tachardiella larreae (Comstock)

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

0.5067
(0.258)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Cicadellidae

Erythroneura elegantula Osborn

Vitaceae

Vitis vinifera L.

-2.5958
(1.2282)

 
 

[44]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Cicadellidae

Erythroneura variabilis Beamer

Vitaceae

Vitis vinifera L.

-2.0568
(1.0192)

 
 

[44]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Miridae

Lygus hesperus Knight

Malvaceae

Gossypium hirsitum L.

-1.8906
(0.5787)

 
 

[11]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Miridae

Parthenicus sp.

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-1.2024
(0.2952)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Miridae

Phytocoris sp.

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.5935
(0.261)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Miridae

Phytocoris vanduzeei Reuter

Zygophyllaceae

Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov.

-0.1173
(0.2504)

 
 

[39]

Sap-feeder

Mesophyll

Hemiptera

Miridae

Pseudatomoscelis seriatus (Reuter)

Malvaceae

Gossypium hirsutum L.

-1.3749
(0.6181)

 
 

[11]

Sap-feeder

Xylem

Hemiptera

Diaspididae

Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni Tozzetti)

Moraceae

Morus alba L.

-0.3294
(0.2027)

 
 

[14]

Sap-feeder

Gall Former

Hemiptera

Phylloxeridae

Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch)

Vitaceae

Vitis arizonica Engelm.

-1.2332
(0.2975)

 
 

[22]

   Notes: Each herbivore effect size and variance [d (var)] in the Herbivore column was constructed as a composite response variable composed of all possible herbivore responses (herbivore density, survivorship, fecundity, relative growth rate, and oviposition preference) for each plant–herbivore interaction  (as determined by MA of all response variables available for each herbivore). Effect sizes and variances [d (var)] for plant nitrogen (Nitrogen column) and % leaf water content (% Water column) were calculated for those studies that measured these plant variables. Published studies used to calculate effect sizes and variances are numbered in the Ref column and full references appear at the end of the table. Positive effect sizes indicate enhanced performance, elevated nitrogen or increased water content on stressed plants compared to controls, whereas negative effect sizes indicate an adverse effect of plant stress on herbivore performance, plant nitrogen, or leaf water content.

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2. Bjorkman, C. 2000. Interactive effects of host resistance and drought stress on the performance of a gall-making aphid on Norway spruce. Oecologia 123:223–231.

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29. McQuate, G. T., and E. F. Connor. 1990. Insect responses to plant water deficits. II. Effect of water deficits in soybean plants on the growth and survival of Mexican bean beetle larvae. Ecological Entomology 15:433–445.

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