Ecological Archives E086-020-A2

Nigel M. Asquith and Mónica Mejía-Chang. 2005. Mammals, edge effects, and the loss of tropical forest diversity. Ecology 86:379–390.

Appendix B. Dominant tree species on islands and at exposed and protected sites around Gatún Lake.

Exposed small island trees
446 trees, 45 spp.: 71% Protium panamense, 3% Attalea butyraceae, 3% Cassipourea elliptica
99 trees, 18 spp.: 39% Protium tenuifolium, 21% Attalea butyraceae, 12% Andira inermis
64 trees, 13 spp.: 30% Protium tenuifolium, 14% Swartzia simplex, 14% Attalea butyraceae
456 trees, 31 spp.: 63% Protium panamense, 19% Oenocarpus mapora, 5% Attalea butyraceae
51 trees, 14 spp.: 33% Attalea butyraceae, 24% Swartzia simplex, 12% Sterculia apetela
 
Protected small island trees
190 trees, 41 spp.: 16% Protium panamense, 13% Astrocaryum standleyanum, 11% Oenocarpus mapora   
129 trees, 31 spp.: 22% Oenocarpus mapora, 18% Protium panamense, 6% Chrysophyllum argenteum   
 
Exposed mainland tree samples
98 trees, 24 spp.: 21% Protium panamense, 14% Gustavia superba, 11% Swartzia simplex
99 trees, 20 spp.: 34% Gustavia superba, 28% A. standleyanum, 5% Protium tenuifolium
102 trees, 22 spp.: 49% Protium panamense, 11% Calophyllum longifolium, 6% Dipteryx panamensis
99 trees, 36 spp.: 9% Astrocaryum standleyanum, 8% P. panamense, 8% Protium tenuifolium
100 trees, 29 spp.: 18% Macronemum glabrescens, 12% Gustavia superba, 11% Protium tenuifolium
102 trees, 32 spp.: 39% Protium panamense, 6% Attalea butyraceae, 5% Anacardium excelsum
 
Protected mainland tree samples 
102 trees, 31 spp.: 35% Gustavia superba, 7% Protium tenuifolium, 6% Alseis blackiana
100 trees, 26 spp.: 52% Gustavia superba, 7% Posoqueria latifolia, 5% Astrocaryum standleyanum
100 trees, 34 spp.: 14% Alseis blackiana, 13% Protium panamense, 9% Astrocaryum standleyanum
98 trees, 36 spp.: 11% Heisteria concinna, 8% Alseis blackiana, 8% Gustavia superba 
102 trees, 23 spp.: 39% Macronemum glabrescens, 15% Gustavia superba, 6% Attalea butyraceae
100 trees, 32 spp.: 23% Alseis blackiana, 13% Protium panamense, 8% Coccoloba spp.
 
Exposed small island sapling samples
85 stems, 12 spp.: 58% Protium panamense, 23% Pentagonia macrophylla, 2% unidentified spp.
53 stems, 19 spp.: 32% Protium tenuifolium, 13% Brosimum alicastrum, 9% Cupania sylvatica
86 stems, 10 spp.: 47% Protium tenuifolium, 30% Protium panamense, 13% Casearia commersonia
95 stems, 20 spp.: 34% Protium panamense, 13% Bactris spp., 12% Oenocarpus mapora
 
Protected small island sapling samples
99 stems, 18 spp.: 37% Protium panamense, 22% Xylopia frutescens, 13% Oenocarpus mapora
66 stems, 11 spp.: 61% Oenocarpus mapora, 14% Casearia commersonia, 9% Cupania sylvatica
 
Exposed mainland sapling samples 
46 stems, 17 spp.: 15% Alibertia edulis, 15% Xylopia micrantha, 11% Trichilia tuberculata 
60 stems, 26 spp.: 32% Faramea occidentalis, 9% Maquira costaricana, 5% Piper culebranum
49 stems, 19 spp.: 29% Protium panamense, 12% Faramea occidentalis, 10% Ouratea lucens
77 stems, 30 spp.: 13% Psidium friedrichsthalianum, 8% Coussarea curvigemmia,  8% Faramea occidentalis
65 stems, 29 spp.: 14% Protium panamense, 11% Faramea luteovirens, 9% Lacistema aggregatum
64 stems, 20 spp.: 47% Protium panamense, 8% Pentagonia macrophylla, 6% Bactris spp.
 
Protected mainland sapling samples
62 stems, 23 spp.: 21% Faramea occidentalis, 10% Swartzia simplex, 5% Coccoloba manzanillensis 
93 stems, 23 spp.: 25% Posoqueria latifolia, 23% Faramea occidentalis, 13% Sorocea affinis
50 stems, 25 spp.: 18% Protium panamense, 14% Rinorea squamata, 8% Cupania sylvatica  
34 stems, 17 spp.: 21% Trichilia tuberculata, 18% Faramea occidentalis, 12% Heisteria concinna
71 stems, 34 spp.: 18% Faramea occidentalis, 8% Lacistema aggregatum, 7% Hybanthus prunifolius 
74 stems, 17 spp.: 23% Psychotria marginata, 18% Bactris spp., 12% Protium panamense



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