Ecological Archives E087-117-A4

Paul V. A. Fine, Zachariah J. Miller, Italo Mesones, Sebastian Irazuzta, Heidi M. Appel, M. Henry H. Stevens, Ilara Sääksjärvi, Jack C. Schultz, and Phyllis D. Coley. 2006. The growth-defense trade-off and habitat specialization by plants in Amazonian forests. Ecology 87:S150–S162.

Appendix D. A figure showing the effect of origin (white-sand vs. clay specialists) and the genus × origin interaction for (a) leaf growth, (b) height growth, (c) the effect of herbivory on leaf growth (protection effect), (d) protection effect on height growth, chemical defenses (e, f, g, h, i, ,j), leaf toughness (k), and available foliar protein (l).

 

   FIG. D1.The effect of Origin (white-sand vs. clay specialists) and the Genus × Origin interaction for (a) leaf growth, (b) height growth, (c) the effect of herbivory on leaf growth (protection effect), (d) protection effect on height growth, chemical defenses (e, f, g, h, i, ,j), leaf toughness (k), and available foliar protein (l). Bars represent averages of all clay specialists (gray bars) and white-sand specialists (white bars) planted into both habitats. Different letters over the bars indicate significant differences between two groups (ANOVA). Lines below the bars connect the averages of the white-sand specialist with the clay specialist for each genus. Numbers stand for 1. Mabea, 2. Oxandra, 3. Pachira, 4. Parkia, 5. Protium (weighted averages), and 6. Swartzia. Asterisks next to the numbers indicate significant differences between for origin in the genus (Tukey test). Leaf growth (a) is expressed in cm 2/d, meristem height (b) is in cm/d, Protection Effect (c and d),is expressed in the same units as leaf and height growth (a and b). Terpenes (e, f, g, h) are expressed as ml terpenes per mg of dry leaf material. Total phenolics (i) is g phenolics per g dry leaf material, and the phenolic:protein (j) is this figure divided by available protein (a unitless ratio). Leaf toughness (k) is expressed in g of force to puncture a leaf. Available protein (l) is expressed as g soluble protein per g dry leaf material.



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