Ecological Archives E087-140-A1

N. A. Charrette, D. F. R. Cleary, and A. Ø. Mooers. 2006. Range-restricted, specialist Bornean butterflies are less likely to recover from ENSO-induced disturbance. Ecology 87:2330–2337.

Appendix A. Phylogenetic pairs of returning and non-returning butterflies at Wanariset.

Species

Authority

Pool

TDepth

Superfamily

Family

Subfamily

Tribe

Subtribe

Ret?

Abund

Host

Range

Wing

Logania_malayica

Distant, 1884

2

tribe

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Miletinae

Miletini

 

n

1

Insects

3

13

Milletus_gopara

de Nicéville, 1890

1

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Miletinae

Miletini

 

y

5

Insects

2

17

Allotinus_sarrastes

Fruhstorfer, 1913

3

genus

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Miletinae

Miletini

 

n

6

Insects

3

17

Allotinus_unicolor

C. and R. Felder, 1865

4

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Miletinae

Miletini

 

y

18

Insects

3

14

Curetis_sperthis

C. & R. Felder, 1865

7

family

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Curetinae

   

n

2

Tree

3

16

Anthene_emolus

Godart, 1824

1

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Polyommatinae

Lycaenesthini

 

y

5

Generalist

4

14

Jamides_talinga

Kheil, 1884

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Polyommatinae

Polyommatini

 

n

1

Generalist

2

12

Jamides_caeruleus

H.H. Druce, 1873

4

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Polyommatinae

Polyommatini

 

y

2

Generalist

3

15

Lycaenopsis_haraldus

C. & R. Felder, 1865

2

tribe

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Polyommatinae

Polyommatini

 

n

1

Tree

2

13

Nacaduba_hermus

Felder, 1860

7

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Polyommatinae

Polyommatini

 

y

9

Tree

4

123

Drupadia_ravindra

Horsfield, 1828

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Theclinae

Cheritrini

 

n

12

Generalist

3

16

Drupadia_theda

Felder, 1862

1

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Theclinae

Cheritrini

 

y

48

Generalist

3

16

Rapala_pheretima

Hewitson, 1863

3

genus

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Theclinae

Deudorigini

 

n

1

Generalist

3

18

Rapala_manea

Hewitson, 1863

1

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Theclinae

Deudorigini

 

y

1

Generalist

4

16

Arhopala_elopura

H.H. Druce, 1894

42

subfam.

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Theclinae

Arhopalini

 

n

8

Tree

2

20

Spindasis_lohita

Corbet, 1940

1

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Theclinae

Aphnaeini

 

y

1

Generalist

4

17

Abisara_saturata

Moore, 1878

2

genus

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Riodininae

Abisarini

 

n

4

Liana

3

21

Abisara_geza

Fruhstorfer, 1904

1

 

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Riodininae

Abisarini

 

y

6

Liana

2

22

Euploea_diocletianus

Fabricius, 1793

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Danainae

Euploeini

Euploeina

n

2

Tree

3

40

Euploea_leucostictos

Gmelin, 1790

6

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Danainae

Euploeini

Euploeina

y

1

Generalist

4

48

Idea_stolli

Drury, 1773

1

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Danainae

Danaini

 

n

1

Generalist

2

78

Danaus_melanippus†

Cramer, 1777

4

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Danainae

Danaini

Danaina‡

y

8

Generalist

3

35

Elymnias_dara

Distant & Pryer, 1887

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Elymniini

Elymniiti*‡

n

1

Herb

3

31

Elymnias_nesaea

Linnaeus, 1764

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Elymniini

Elymniiti*‡

y

1

Generalist

3

39

Mycalesis_fusca

Felder, 1860

4

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Elymniini

Mycalesiti*‡

n

3

Herb

2

22

Mycalesis_horsfieldi

Moore, 1892

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Elymniini

Mycalesiti*‡

y

12

Herb

3

23

Lethe_dora

Staudinger, 1897

2

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Elymniini

Lethiti*‡

n

2

Herb

2

34

Orsotriaena_medus

Wallengren, 1858

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Elymniini

 

y

11

Herb

4

28

Ypthima_fasciata

Hewitson, 1865

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Satyrini

 

n

9

Herb

2

19

Ypthima_pandocus

Moore, 1857

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Satyrini

 

y

13

Herb

2

22

Coelites_epiminthia

Westwood, 1851

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Eritini

 

n

6

Liana

3

35

Coelites_eupythychioides

Felder, 1867

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Eritini

 

y

18

Liana

2

33

Erites_elegans

Butler, 1868

3

subfam.

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Eritini

 

n

12

Herb

2

23

Melanitis_leda

Linnaeus, 1758

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Satyrinae

Melanitini

 

y

2

Generalist

4

35

Faunis_gracilis

Butler, 1867

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Morphinae

Amathusiini

 

n

1

Generalist

2

28

Faunis_stomphax

Westwood, 1858

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Morphinae

Amathusiini

 

y

4

Generalist

2

31

Thaumantis_klugius

Zinken, 1831

2

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Morphinae‡

Amathusiini

 

n

1

Tree

2

44

Thaumantis_odona

Godart, 1824?

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Morphinae‡

Amathusiini

 

y

3

Tree

2

54

Zeuxidia_doubledayi

Westwood, 1851

3

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Morphinae

Amathusiini

 

n

1

Generalist

3

54

Amathusia_ochraceofusca

Honrath, 1888

2

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Morphinae

Amathusiini

 

y

1

Generalist

2

60

Vindula_dejone

Erichson, 1834

2

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Heliconiinae‡

Heliconiini

 

n

6

Liana

3

40

Cirrochroa_emalea

Guérin, 1843

2

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Heliconiinae‡

Heliconiini

 

y

1

Tree

3

36

Tanaecia_aruna

Felder, 1860

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae

Adoliadini§

 

n

19

Tree

2

32

Tanaecia_munda

Fruhstorfer, 1899

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae

Adoliadini§

 

y

4

Tree

2

30

Euthalia_alpheda

Godart, 1824

4

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae‡

Adoliadini§

 

n

1

Tree

3

33

Lexias_dirtea

Fabricius, 1793

2

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae‡

Adoliadini§

 

y

1

Tree

3

43

Lasippa_heliodore

Fabricius, 1787

1

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae

Neptidini§

 

n

3

Tree

3

19

Neptis_hylas

Linnaeus, 1758

3

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae

Neptidini§

 

y

6

Generalist

4

26

Lebadea_martha

Fabricius, 1861

1

tribe

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae

Limenitidini§

 

n

2

Tree

3

30

Athyma_kanwa

Moore, 1858

7

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Limentidinae‡

Limenitidini§

 

y

1

Generalist

3

29

Kallima_limborgi

Moore, 1879

1

subfam.

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Nymphalinae

Kallimini§

 

n

3

Generalist

2

54

Junonia_atlites

Linnaeus, 1758

3

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Nymphalinae

Junoniini§

 

y

4

Herb

4

37

Agatasa_calydonia

Hewitson, 1855

2

subfam.

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Charaxinae‡

Prothoini

 

n

1

Liana

3

55

Charaxes_bernardus

Fabricius, 1793

2

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Charaxinae‡

Charaxini

 

y

3

Tree

4

44

Graphium_evemon

Boisduval, 1836

1

genus

Papilionoidea

Papilionidae

Papilioninae

Leptocircini

 

n

7

Generalist

3

38

Graphium_agamemnon

Linnaeus, 1758

3

 

Papilionoidea

Papilionidae

Papilioninae

Leptocircini

 

y

1

Generalist

4

40

Papilio_karna

Felder, 1864

3

genus

Papilionoidea

Papilionidae

Papilioninae

Papilionini

 

n

1

Generalist

2

55

Papilio_memnon

Linnaeus, 1758

1

 

Papilionoidea

Papilionidae

Papilioninae

Papilionini

 

y

3

Generalist

3

73

Losaria_neptunus

Guérin, 1840

1

subfam.

Papilionoidea

Papilionidae

Papilioninae

Troidini

 

n

4

Liana

2

48

Chilasa_paradoxa

Zinken, 1831

1

 

Papilionoidea

Papilionidae

Papilioninae

Papilionini

 

y

1

Tree

3

58

Mooreana_trichoneura

C. & R. Felder, 1860

1

tribe

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Pyrginae

Tagiades

 

n

1

Tree

3

19

Tagiades_gana

Moore, 1866

2

 

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Pyrginae

Tagiades

 

y

1

Generalist

4

19

Halpe_clara

Cassidy, 1985

1

genus

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Halpe

 

n

1

Herb

2

15

Halpe_ormenes

Plötz, 1886

1

 

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Halpe

 

y

1

Herb

3

16

Caltoris_sirius

Evans, 1926

1

genus

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Pelopidas

 

n

1

Herb

4

16

Caltoris_cormasa

Hewitson, 1876

1

 

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Pelopidas

 

y

1

Herb

3

18

Lotongus_calathus

Hewitson, 1876

1

tribe

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Erionota

 

n

1

Generalist

3

21

Hidari_irava

Moore, 1858

1

 

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Erionota

 

y

5

Generalist

3

27

Ancistroides_nigrita

Latreille, 1824

1

tribe

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Ancistoides

 

n

3

Herb

3

22

Koruthaialos_rubecula

Plötz, 1882

3

 

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Ancistoides

 

y

45

Herb

3

16

Pyroneura_aurantiaca

Elwes & Edwards, 1897

4

subfam.

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Plastingia

 

n

2

Tree

2

16

Pelopidas_agna

Moore, 1866

2

 

Hesperioidea

Hesperidae

Hesperiinae

Pelopidas

 

y

2

Herb

4

18

Paralaxita_orphna

Boisduval, 1836

6

superfam.

Papilionoidea

Lycaenidae

Riodininae

Abisarini

 

n

3

Tree

2

21

Saletara_panda

Butler, 1898

7

 

Papilionoidea

Pieridae

Pierinae

Pierini

 

y

10

Generalist

3

26

Chersonesia_intermedia

Martin, 1895

3

family

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Cyrestinae

Cyrestini§

 

n

1

Tree

3

15

Cethosia_hypsea

Doubleday, 1847

2

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Heliconiinae

Acraeini

 

y

1

Liana

2

43

Dichorragaia_nesimochus

Doyère, 1840

2

family

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Cyrestinae

Pseudergolini§

 

n

1

Tree

4

42

Eulaceura_osteria

Westwood, 1850

1

 

Papilionoidea

Nymphalidae

Apaturinae

   

y

3

Tree

3

31


   Notes: Pool: number of candidates from which species was selected; TDepth: most inclusive taxonomic level shared by the pair; Ret?: Recovery status (returner = y, non-returner = n); Abund: pre-fire abundance; Host: growth form used; Range: Biogeographic range; Wing: mean forewing length (mm). Taxonomy follows Maruyama and Otsuka (1991) and Otsuka (1988). Supplemented by *Miller (1968); †Ackery and Vane-Wright (1984); ‡Harvey (1991), and/or §Wahlberg et al. (2003).

LITERATURE CITED

Ackery, P. R., and R. I.Vane-Wright. 1984. Milkweed butterflies, their cladistics and biology: being an account of the natural history of the Danainae, a subfamily of the Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae. British Museum of Natural History, London, UK.

Maruyama, K., and K. Otsuka. 1991. Butterflies of Borneo,Vol. 2. No. 2: Hesperiidae. Tobishima Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.

Miller, L. D. 1968. The higher classification, phylogeny, and zoogeography of the Satyridae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society, Vol. 24. The American Entomological Society at the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Harvey, D. J. 1991. Higher classification of the Nymphalidae. Pages 255–273 in H. F. Nijhout, editor. The development and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

Otsuka, K. 1988. Butterflies of Borneo, Vol. 1. Tobishima Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.

Wahlberg, N., E. Weingartner, and S. Nylin. 2003. Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28:473–484.



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