Ecological Archives E088-010-A1

Laurie B. Marczak, Ross M. Thompson, and John S. Richardson. 2007. Meta-analysis: trophic level, habitat, and productivity shape the food web effects of resource subsidies. Ecology 88:140–148.

Appendix A. Studies included in the meta-analysis with treatment and control means and standard deviation. See Appendix B for full literature citations.

Author-date
code

Subsidy
type

Donor
system

Recipient
system

Recipient
taxa

Trophic
level

Study
type

n

Treatment
mean

Units

Treatment
sd

Control
mean

Units

Control
sd

Response
variable

Barrett et al. 2005

marine debris

ocean

islands

Uta stansburiana

predator

descriptive

2

9

no. sighted/h

1

25

no. sighted/h

4

abundance

Barrett et al. 2005

marine bird guano

ocean

islands

Uta stansburiana

predator

descriptive

9

26

no. sighted/h

8

78

no. sighted/h

20

abundance

Bastow et al. 2002

algal mats

stream

cobble bars

tetrigidae

detritivore

descriptive

3

0.0707

no./m2

0.1141

0.2173

no./m2

0.2082

density

Bastow et al. 2002

algal mats

stream

cobble bars

tetrigidae

detritivore

descriptive

3

0.0294

no./m2

0.0336

1.075

no./m2

0.6041

density

Bastow et al. 2002

algal mats

stream

cobble bars

tetrigidae

detritivore

descriptive

3

0.0191

no./m2

0.0336

1.154

no./m2

0.8693

density

Bastow et al. 2002

algal mats

stream

cobble bars

tetrigidae

detritivore

manipulative

6

1.121

no./m2

0.8355

35.96

no./m2

24.4046

density

Bastow et al. 2002

algal mats

stream

cobble bars

acrididae

detritivore

manipulative

3

0.02

no./m2

0.0346

0.14

no./m2

0.1386

density

Bastow et al. 2002

algal mats

stream

cobble bars

gelastocoridae

detritivore

manipulative

3

0.05

no./m2

0.052

4.1

no./m2

0.1559

density

Baxter et al. 2004

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

spiders

predator

manipulative

4

0.0252

no./m2

0.0271

0.1452

no./m2

0.04

density

Bomkamp et al. 2004

marine debris

oil platforms

ocean floor

echinoderms

predator

manipulative

3

0.5

no./m2

0.4

2.5

no./m2

1

density

Bomkamp et al. 2004

marine debris

oil platforms

ocean floor

mollusks

detritivore

manipulative

3

0.1

no./m2

0.2

0.45

no./m2

0.2

density

Bouchard and Bjorndal 2000

marine turtle eggs

ocean

coast

racoons

omnivore

descriptive

2

1

percent

 

28

percent

 

percent of total

Bouchard and Bjorndal 2000

marine turtle eggs

ocean

coast

ghost crabs

omnivore

descriptive

2

1

percent

 

2.5

percent

 

percent of total

Bouchard and Bjorndal 2000

marine turtle eggs

ocean

coast

plants

producer

descriptive

2

1

percent

 

23

percent

 

percent of total

Eggert and Wallace 2003

leaf litter

forest

stream

Pycnopsyche gentilis

detritivore

manipulative

4

2

no./m2

 

175

no./m2

 

abundance

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

birds

insectivore

descriptive

7

4.21

no./station/day

0.7

5.14

no./station/day

0.7408

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Pacific Slope Flycatcher

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.29

no./station/day

 

0.7

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Townsends Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.45

no./station/day

 

0.6

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Golden crowned Kinglet

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.43

no./station/day

 

0.54

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Chestnut backed Chickadee

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.36

no./station/day

 

0.42

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Dark-eyed Junco

insectivore

descriptive

7

0

no./station/day

 

0.03

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Pine Siskin

insectivore

descriptive

7

0

no./station/day

 

0.03

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Tree Swallow

insectivore

descriptive

7

0

no./station/day

 

0.01

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Western Tanager

insectivore

descriptive

7

0

no./station/day

 

0.01

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Varied Thush

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.39

no./station/day

 

0.4

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

American Robin

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.11

no./station/day

 

0.1

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Fox Sparrow

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.04

no./station/day

 

0

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Winter Wren

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.63

no./station/day

 

0.58

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Ruby crowned Kinglet

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.17

no./station/day

 

0.13

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Hermit Thush

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.3

no./station/day

 

0.25

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Swainson's Thush

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.07

no./station/day

 

0.01

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Orange-crowned Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.12

no./station/day

 

0.04

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Yellow Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.08

no./station/day

 

0

no./station/day

 

density

Gende and Willson 2001

salmon

ocean

forest

Wilson's Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

7

0.28

no./station/day

 

0.05

no./station/day

 

density

Henschel et al. 2001

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

descriptive

9

9.2

no./m2

7.1

21.9

no./m2

21.1

density

Henschel et al. 2001

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

descriptive

9

10.5

no./m2

8.1

21.9

no./m2

21.1

density

Iwata et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

flycatchers

insectivore

descriptive

26

0.44

no. ind.

 

41.5198

no. ind.

 

density

Iwata et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

gleaners

insectivore

descriptive

26

11.31

no. ind.

 

219.9078

no. ind.

 

density

Iwata et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

bark probers

insectivore

descriptive

26

2.43

no. ind.

 

17.8934

no. ind.

 

density

Johnson et al. 2003

leaf litter

forest

stream

stoneflies

predator

manipulative

2

0.9

percent mortalist

0.3

0.55

percent mortality

0.2

mortality

Johnson et al. 2003

leaf litter

forest

stream

stoneflies

predator

manipulative

2

0.9

percent mortalist

0.3

0.55

percent mortality

0.2

mortality

Johnson et al. 2003

leaf litter

forest

stream

stoneflies

predator

manipulative

2

0.9

percent mortalist

0.3

0.55

percent mortality

0.2

mortality

Johnson et al. 2003

leaf litter

forest

stream

stoneflies

predator

manipulative

2

0.9

percent mortalist

0.3

0.55

percent mortality

0.2

mortality

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.25

no./m2

0.098

0.65

no./m2

0.2205

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.09

no./m2

0.0735

0.34

no./m2

0.1225

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.03

no./m2

0.049

0.1

no./m2

0.1225

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

vertical orb weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.31

no./m2

0.0735

0.24

no./m2

0.098

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

vertical orb weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.24

no./m2

0.0735

0.24

no./m2

0.0735

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

vertical orb weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.06

no./m2

0.049

0.07

no./m2

0.049

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

sheet weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.41

no./m2

0.1715

0.52

no./m2

0.2449

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

sheet weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.24

no./m2

0.1225

0.33

no./m2

0.147

density

Kato et al. 2003

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

sheet weavers

predator

manipulative

6

0.11

no./m2

0.098

0.17

no./m2

0.098

density

Kawaguchi and Nakano 2001

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

salmonids

predator

descriptive

2

1273

dry mass/100mg/150m2

325.1277

2821

dry mass/100mg/150m2

379.2921

biomass

Kawaguchi and Nakano 2001

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

salmonids

predator

descriptive

2

1692

dry mass/100mg/150m3

531.0372

4052

dry mass/100mg/150m3

433.4565

biomass

Kawaguchi and Nakano 2001

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

salmonids

predator

descriptive

2

2171

dry mass/100mg/150m4

498.5103

5972

dry mass/100mg/150m4

444.3459

biomass

Kawaguchi and Nakano 2001

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

salmonids

predator

descriptive

2

1456

dry mass/100mg/150m5

270.9633

2099

dry mass/100mg/150m5

359.4931

biomass

Kawaguchi et al 2003

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

salmonids

predator

manipulative

4

41.7

g dry mass/165 m2

1.5

55.2

g dry mass/165m2

2.9

biomass

Kawaguchi et al 2003

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

salmonids

predator

manipulative

4

212.5

g/dry mass/165m2

96

412.5

g/dry mass/165m2

35.18

biomass

Marczak and Richardson 2006

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

vertical orb weavers

predator

descriptive

2

6.5

no. ind./m2

0.7

13.5

no. ind./m2

2.12

abundance

Marczak and Richardson 2006

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

sheet weavers

predator

descriptive

2

19

no. ind./m2

5.65

20

no. ind./m2

12.02

abundance

Marczak and Richardson 2006

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

descriptive

2

7.5

no. ind./m2

0.7

15

no. ind./m2

9.89

abundance

Marczak and Richardson 2006

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

tangle web weavers

predator

descriptive

2

11

no. ind./m2

15.5

10

no. ind./m2

11.3

abundance

Marczak unpublished data

aquatic insects

stream

forest

vertical orb weavers

predator

manipulative

16

0.00997

no. ind.

0.032

0.0523

no. ind.

0.032

density

Marczak unpublished data

aquatic insects

stream

forest

horizontal orb weavers

predator

manipulative

16

0.07

no. ind.

0.0532

0.1228

no. ind.

0.0532

density

Marczak unpublished data

aquatic insects

stream

forest

sheet weavers

predator

manipulative

16

0.0589

no. ind.

0.0576

0.109

no. ind.

0.0576

density

Marczak unpublished data

aquatic insects

stream

forest

dwarf sheet weavers

predator

manipulative

16

0.0059

no. ind.

0.028

0.0444

no. ind.

0.028

density

Medelssohn and Kuhn 2003

marine debris

ocean

salt marsh

plants

producer

manipulative

5

47

% cover

15.65

44

% cover

6.71

percent cover

Medelssohn and Kuhn 2003

marine debris

ocean

salt marsh

plants

producer

manipulative

5

47

% cover

15.65

76

% cover

8.94

percent cover

Murakami and Nakano 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Great Tit

insectivore

descriptive

3

0.588

visitation rate/hour

0.6495

4.671

visitation rate/hour

1.0685

density

Murakami and Nakano 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Marsh Tit

insectivore

descriptive

3

2.078

visitation rate/hour

1.5084

1.588

visitation rate/hour

1.0477

density

Murakami and Nakano 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Crowned Willow Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

3

0.1199

visitation rate/hour

0.1152

0.6583

visitation rate/hour

0.3038

density

Nakano et al. 1999

terrestrial invertebrates

forest

stream

dolly varden charr

predator

manipulative

8

130

mm

5.6569

132

mm

5.6569

biomass

Polis and Hurd 1995

marine debris

ocean

islands

orb weavers

predator

descriptive

7

0.025

no./m2

0.017

0.155

no./m2

0.04

density

Polis and Hurd 1995

marine bird guano

ocean

islands

orb weavers

predator

descriptive

7

6.15

no./m3

3.92

25.1

no./m3

2.11

density

Polis and Hurd 1995

marine bird guano

ocean

islands

orb weavers

predator

descriptive

7

1.8

no./m3

1.5

14.3

no./m3

1.5

density

Polis and Hurd 1995

marine debris

ocean

islands

insects

detritivore

descriptive

7

1.6

mm/trap/h

2.5

175.8

mm/trap/h

2

biomass

Polis and Hurd 1995

marine bird guano

ocean

islands

insects

detritivore

descriptive

7

5.46

mm/trap/h

1.45

12.2

mm/trap/h

1.65

density

Polis and Hurd 1995

marine bird guano

ocean

islands

insects

detritivore

descriptive

7

4.5

no./day

1.8

12.3

no./day

1

density

Rose and Polis 1998

marine debris

ocean

coast

coyote

omnivore

descriptive

4

2.799

tracks/transect/night

1.4242

14.2

tracks/transect/night

2.216

density

Sabo and Power 2002

aquatic insects

stream

cobble bars

Sceloporus sp.

predator

manipulative

4

0.0317

g/day

0.5084

0.2097

g/day

0.22

growth rate

Sabo and Power 2002

aquatic insects

stream

forest

Sceloporus sp.

predator

manipulative

4

2.12

ind/plot

0.12

3.37

ind/plot

1.06

abundance

Sabo and Power 2002a

aquatic insects

stream

cobble bars

Sceloporus sp.

predator

manipulative

4

0.036

g/day

0.0671

0.0219

g/day

0.0178

growth rate

Sanchez-Pinero and Polis 2000

marine carrion

ocean

islands

beetles

detritivore

descriptive

4

3

no./trap

4

12.5

no./trap

8

abundance

Sanchez-Pinero and Polis 2000

marine bird guano

ocean

islands

beetles

detritivore

descriptive

17

19

no./trap

10

73

no./trap

12

abundance

Stapp and Polis 2003

marine debris

ocean

islands

Peromyscus

omnivore

descriptive

3

23.25

proportion of captures

15.7963

49.73

proportion of captures

8.3485

density

Stapp and Polis 2003

marine debris

ocean

islands

Peromyscus

omnivore

descriptive

3

68.45

proportion of captures

13.9257

8.87

proportion of captures

8.0194

density

Stapp and Polis 2003a

marine debris

ocean

islands

Peromyscus

omnivore

descriptive

6

22.47

proportion of captures

16.0931

57.26

proportion of captures

29.6878

density

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

riparian birds

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.1

birds/ha/h

1.0392

3.7

birds/ha/h

4.1569

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

upland birds

insectivore

descriptive

12

21.6

birds/ha/h

8.6603

21.5

birds/ha/h

9.3531

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Black faced Bunting

insectivore

descriptive

12

2

birds/ha/h

0.6928

2

birds/ha/h

0.7967

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Eastern crowned Willow Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

12

3.1

birds/ha/h

0.6928

2.9

birds/ha/h

0.6928

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Great Tit

insectivore

descriptive

12

2.4

birds/ha/h

0.6928

2.6

birds/ha/h

1.0392

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Nuthatch

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.6

birds/ha/h

1.2124

1.2

birds/ha/h

1.0392

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Japanese Grey Thush

insectivore

descriptive

12

2

birds/ha/h

1.7321

2.7

birds/ha/h

1.7321

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Marsh Tit

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.6

birds/ha/h

1.7321

0.5

birds/ha/h

1.7321

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Treecreeper

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.9

birds/ha/h

2.0785

0.9

birds/ha/h

1.7321

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Short-tailed Bush Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.9

birds/ha/h

1.3856

1

birds/ha/h

1.3856

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Coal Tit

insectivore

descriptive

12

1.55

birds/ha/h

3.4641

1.56

birds/ha/h

3.4641

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Great spotted Woodpecker

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.3

birds/ha/h

0.6928

0.6

birds/ha/h

2.0785

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Long tailed Tit

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.5

birds/ha/h

1.3856

0.6

birds/ha/h

1.0392

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.9

birds/ha/h

1.7321

1.4

birds/ha/h

2.0785

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Varied Tit

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.3

birds/ha/h

1.3856

0.5

birds/ha/h

1.3856

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Narcissus Flycatcher

insectivore

descriptive

12

3.1

birds/ha/h

3.1177

2.9

birds/ha/h

3.1177

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Brown Flycatcher

insectivore

descriptive

12

0.1

birds/ha/h

0.6928

1.3

birds/ha/h

2.7713

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Blue and White Flycatcher

insectivore

descriptive

12

0

birds/ha/h

0

0.4

birds/ha/h

0.866

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Pale legged Willow Warbler

insectivore

descriptive

12

0

birds/ha/h

0

1.2

birds/ha/h

2.4249

abundance

Uesugi 2002

aquatic insects

stream

riparian forest

Olive backed Tree Pipit

insectivore

descriptive

12

0

birds/ha/h

0

0.65

birds/ha/h

2.2517

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

detritus

ocean

coastal shelf

Mytilus galloprovincialis

detritivore

descriptive

6

23

g/m2

61.2372

478

g/m2

244.949

biomass

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

scraper

detritivore

manipulative

2

367

no./m2

314

562

no./m2

469

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

shedders

detritivore

manipulative

2

554

no./m2

431

954

no./m2

588

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

gatherers

detritivore

manipulative

2

18019

no./m2

9874

30940

no./m2

14431

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

filterers

detritivore

manipulative

2

188

no./m2

233

323

no./m2

546

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

consumers

consumer

manipulative

2

19128

no./m2

10237

32779

no./m2

14927

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

predators

predator

manipulative

2

2883

no./m2

2121

4892

no./m2

2486

abundance

Wallace et al. 1997

leaf litter

forest

stream

salamander

predator

manipulative

2

1

no./m2

2

4

no./m2

6

abundance

Wallace et al. 1999

leaf litter

forest

stream

shedders

detritivore

manipulative

2

554

no./m2

431

954

no./m2

588

density

Wallace et al. 1999

leaf litter

forest

stream

gatherers

detritivore

manipulative

2

18019

no./m2

9874

30940

no./m2

14431

density

Wipfli et al. 1999

salmon

ocean

stream

invertebrates

omnivore

manipulative

6

18.53

no./100cm2

2.23

64.84

no./100cm2

11.51

abundance

Wipfli et al. 1999

salmon

ocean

stream

invertebrates

omnivore

manipulative

6

140.53

no./100cm2

32.65

402.9

no./100cm2

119

abundance



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