Ecological Archives E092-024-A1

Jaime Madrigal, Douglas A. Kelt, Peter L. Meserve, Julio R. Gutierrez and Francisco A. Squeo. 2011. Bottom-up control of consumers leads to top-down indirect facilitation of invasive annual herbs in semiarid Chile. Ecology 92:282–288.

Appendix A. Descriptive statistics.

FIG A1. Mean abundances (± 95% confidence intervals) of degus, exotic and native annuals from 1989 to 2008. Rainfall is also represented in empty bars and values are noted at the bottom of the figure.

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