Ecological Archives E092-027-A1

José Mª Fedriani and Miguel Delibes. 2011. Dangerous liaisons disperse the Mediterranean dwarf palm: fleshy-pulp defensive role against seed predators. Ecology 92:304–315.

Appendix A. Photographs of Chamaerops humilis during this study.

FIG A1. (a) Fruiting female with unripe green fruits, (b) Fruiting female with ripe brown fruits. Note the pulp of two fruits partially consumed by rabbits, (c) Typical badger fecal sample with numerous C. humilis endocarps clearly exposed to invertebrate attack, (d) Seedlings emerged from one of our experimental units during the spring of 2007. Note the ball-headed needles of variable colours (white, yellow) placed next to each emerged seedling upon each check that allowed us to distinguish between monthly seedling cohorts, (e) Seedlings emerged from a monitored badger latrine during the summer of 2007 (badgers most often deposit feces in small dugs and bury them shallowly with loose substrate), (f) Typically, an endocarp attacked by bruchids showed several holes located at either the distal, narrow tip of the endocarp, or and the middle of endocarp, and (g) Germination pores were generally located at the proximal base and clearly differed in size and contour from bruchid holes. Photo credit: Jose M. Fedrianai (a–c, e–g), Miguel Delibes (d).

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