Ecological Archives E092-077-A2

Susan C. Cook-Patton, Scott H. McArt, Amy L. Parachnowitsch, Jennifer S. Thaler, and Anurag A. Agrawal 2011. A direct comparison of the consequences of plant genotypic and species diversity on communities and ecosystem function. Ecology 92:915–923.

Appendix B (TABLE B1). Information for species employed in this experiment. Life history information is denoted as A = annuals, B = biennials, and P = perennials, and derives from the USDA Plants Database (http://plants.usda.gov). Biomass data is the average mass across the experiment per species (mean biomass per individual ± 1 s.e.m.).

* 24 distinct genotypes of Oenothera biennis were employed in the genotypic diversity manipulation.  Seeds for other species were genetically mixed for the species diversity manipulations.

Species Family Plant type Life history Average biomass
Oenothera biennis* Onagraceae Forb AB 124.8 ± 2.8
Carex sp.1 Cyperaceae Graminoid   5.2 ± 0.8
Carex sp.2 Cyperaceae Graminoid   3.6 ± 0.5
Cichorium intybus Asteraceae Forb BP 37.9 ± 6.3
Daucus carota Apiaceae Forb AB 82.0 ± 8.6
Dianthus armeria Caryophyllaceae Forb AB 9.5 ± 3.0
Dipsacus sativus Dipsacaceae Forb AB 25.0 ± 2.4
Elymus repens Poaceae C3 grass P 7.0 ± 0.7
Epilobium parviflorum Onagraceae Forb P 27.5 ± 12.2
Galium mollugo Rubiaceae Forb P 25.0 ± 1.9
Leucanthemum vulgare Asteraceae Forb P 37.9 ± 3.7
Pastinaca sativa Apiaceae Forb BP 22.8 ± 2.1
Penstemon digitalis Scrophulariaceae Forb P 8.0 ± 1.7
Phleum pratense Poaceae C3 grass P 11.1 ± 0.9
Plantago lanceolata Plantaginaceae Forb ABP 46.1 ± 3.2
Rudbeckia hirta Asteraceae Forb ABP 57.5 ± 5.1
Rumex crispus Polygonaceae Forb P 21.7 ± 2.8
Saponaria officinalis Caryophyllaceae Forb P 13.5 ± 1.6
Silene vulgaris Caryophyllaceae Forb P 11.4 ± 1.5
Solidago altissima Asteraceae Forb P 47.9 ± 4.9
Symphyotrichum simplex Asteraceae Forb P 63.0 ± 7.0
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum Asteraceae Forb P 7.1 ± 2.0
Verbascum blattaria Scrophulariaceae Forb B 11.8 ± 2.5
Verbascum thapsus Scrophulariaceae Forb B 3.8 ± 1.6
Verbena hastata Verbenaceae Forb BP 50.1 ± 3.4

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