Ecological Archives E093-221-A3

Wei Huang, Juli Carrillo, Jianqing Ding, Evan Siemann. 2012. Invader partitions ecological and evolutionary responses to above- and belowground herbivory. Ecology 93:2343–2352. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/11-1964.1

Appendix C. Full ANOVA results for herbivore response variables.

Table C1. Results of ANOVAs in Proc MIXED (F values) analyzing the effects of origin (US vs. China), larval herbivory (0 vs. 10 eggs per seedling) or adult herbivory (0 vs. 10 adults per seedling) on the performance of Bikasha collaris. Population nested in origin, and its interactions with larval or adult herbivory, were treated as random effects. Only the results for fixed effects are shown. Leaf area removed data were square root transformed. Values in brackets are P values. * P < 0.05,  P < 0.01, § P < 0.001, P < 0.0001.

Adult performance Larval performance
Term df Leaf area
removed (%)
No. adults
surviving
Term df No. larvae
emerging
Origin 1, 10   22.93§   4.67* Origin 1, 10   6.96*
Larvae 1, 48   29.89   38.80 Adults 1, 48   24.21
O × L 1, 10 0.17[0.69] 3.10[0.11] O × A 1, 10   5.54*

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