Ecological Archives E094-015-A2

Elizabeth Nichols, María Uriarte, Daniel E. Bunker, Mario E. Favila, Eleanor M. Slade, Kevina Vulinec, Trond Larsen, Fernando Z. Vaz-de-Mello, Julio Louzada, Shahid Naeem, Sacha H. Spector. 2013. Trait-dependent response of dung beetle populations to tropical forest conversion at local and regional scales. Ecology 94:180–189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-0251.1

Appendix B. Description of the original data used in phylogenetically corrected comparative analyses to quantify the trait correlates of beetle population response to tropical forest degradation.

Table B1. Providence of original data, final number of species (S) and individual observations (N) from each data set that entered into the analysis, land-use types represented by each dataset (MF: modified forest, FA: forested agriculture, NFA: non-forested agriculture) and description of those land-uses as provided by the original reference.

Region Study Data set S N Country Conversion class Land-use description
MF FA NFA
NT Avendano-Mendoza et al. 1996 1 18 54 Guatemala x x MF: Early secondary forest;
NFA: Corn fields (Zea mays)
NT Escobar 2004 6 1 3 Colombia x x MF: Secondary forest;
NFA: cattle pasture
NT Estrada and Coates-Estrada 2002 10 20 40 Mexico x FA: Mosaic of shaded coffee & cocoa, citrus and banana groves, ca. 20–25 yrs old
NT Gardner et al. 2008 11 28 84 Brazil x x MF: 14–19 yr secondary forest;
FA: mature Eucalyptus plantations
NT Gardner et al. 2008 12 31 96 Brazil x x MF: 14–19 yr secondary forest;
FA: mature Eucalyptus plantations
NT Gardner et al. 2008 13 37 111 Brazil x x MF: 14–19 yr secondary forest;
FA: mature Eucalyptus plantations
NT Gardner et al. 2008 14 35 105 Brazil x x MF: 14–19 yr secondary forest;
FA: mature Eucalyptus plantations
NT Gardner et al. 2008 15 31 93 Brazil x x MF: 14–19 yr secondary forest;
FA: mature Eucalyptus plantations
NT Harvey et al. 2006 16 30 60 Costa Rica x FA: Cocoa agroforestry
NT Harvey et al. 2006 17 30 60 Costa Rica x FA: Banana agroforestry
NT Harvey et al. 2006 18 30 55 Costa Rica x FA: Plantain monocultures
NT Harvey et al. 2006 19 19 38 El Salvador x NFA: Average of 7 recently cleared smallholder agriculture fields.
NT Klein 1989 20 22 44 Brazil x NFA: Average of 3 clear cut areas, planted for pasture
NT Larsen and Lopera unpublished,a 21 9 35 Costa Rica x x MF: Average of 2 secondary forest sites;
FA: Gmelina arborea tree plantation;
NFA: cattle pasture
NT Larsen and Lopera unpublished,b 22 36 108 Peru x x NFA: cattle pasture
NT Larsen unpublished 23 23 46 Peru x MF: Young secondary forest;
NFA: clearcut site
NT Quintero and Roslin 2005 26 19 38 Brazil x MF: 5 yr secondary forest
NT Quintero and Roslin 2005 27 14 28 Brazil x MF: 10 yr secondary forest
NT Quintero and Roslin 2005 28 19 37 Brazil x MF: 14 yr secondary forest
NT Scheffler 2005 29 34 102 Brazil x x MF: Average of 2 selectively logged sites;
NFA: Average across 4 clearcut sites
NT Vaz de Mello unpublished 33 19 38 Brazil x MF: Secondary forest
NT Vulinec unpublished,a 34 48 144 Brazil x x MF: 10–15 year old secondary forest;
NFA: Cattle pasture
NT Vulinec unpublished,b 35 27 81 Brazil x x MF: Late secondary forest;
NFA: Average of 2 clearcut sites
NT Vulinec unpublished,c 36 18 36 Brazil x MF: Average of 3 sites of late secondary growth
AET Boonrotpong et al. 2004 2 7 14 Thailand x MF: 10-yr secondary forest
AET Davis and Philips 2005 5 6 18 Ghana x x MF: Average of 4 selectively logged forest sites;
FA: Average of 3 oil palm plantation and 1 cacao plantation sites
AET Davis et al. 2001 3 25 75 Borneo x x MF: Selectively logged forest;
FA: Shade Theobroma cacao plantation
AET Davis et al. 2001 4 26 78 Borneo x x MF: Selectively logged forest;
FA: Acacia mangium and Swietenia macrophylla plantations
AET Nummelin and Hanski 1989 24 4 12 Uganda x x MF: Selective logging;
FA: Pinus spp. timber plantation
AET Nummelin and Hanski 1989 25 5 15 Uganda x x MF: Selective logging;
FA: Cupressus spp. timber plantation
AET Shahabuddin et al. 2005 30 13 52 Indonesia x x x MF: Average of 4 secondary forest sites;
FA: average of 4 shaded cacao forest;
NFA: average of 4 Zea mays fields
AET Slade et al. 2011 31 27 54 Borneo x MF: Selective logging
AET Slade et al. 2011 32 21 42 Borneo x MF: Selective logging

Literature Cited

Avendano-Mendoza, C., et al. 2005. Dung beetle community (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae : Scarabaeinae) in a tropical landscape at the Lachua Region, Guatemala. Biodiv. and Cons. 14:801–822.

Boonrotpong, S., et al. 2004. Species composition of dung beetles in the primary and secondary forestes at Ton Nga Chan Wildlife Sanctuary. ScienceAsia 30:59–65.

Davis, A. J., et al. 2001. Dung beetles as indicators of change in the forests of northern Borneo. J.  App. Ecol. 38:593–616.

Davis, A. L. V., and T. K. Philips. 2005. Effect of deforestation on a southwest Ghana dung beetle assemblage (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae) at the periphery of Ankasa Cons. area. Env. Ent. 34:1081–1088.

Escobar, S. F. 2004. Diversity and composition of dung beetle (Scarabaeinae) assemblages in a heterogeneous Andean landscape. Trop. Zool. 17:123–136.

Gardner, T. A., et al. 2008. Understanding the Biodiv. consequences of habitat change: the value of secondary and plantation forests for neotropical dung beetles. J.  App. Ecol. 45:883–893.

Harvey, C. A., et al. 2006. Dung beetle and terrestrial mammal diversity in forests, indigenous agroforestry systems and plantain monocultures in Talamanca, Costa Rica. Biodiv. and Cons. 15:555–585.

Klein, B. C. 1989. Effects of forest fragmentation on dung and carrion beetle communities in Central Amazonia. Ecol. 70:171–1725.

Nummelin, M., and I. Hanski. 1989. Dung beetles of the Kibale Forest, Uganda; comparison between virgin and managed forests. J.  of Tropical Ecol. 5:349–352.

Quintero, I., and T. Roslin. 2005. Rapid recovery of dung beetle communities following habitat fragmentation in Central Amazonia. Ecol. 86:3303–3311.

Scheffler, P. 2005. Dung beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) diversity and community structure across three disturbance regimes in eastern Amazonia. J. Trop. Ecol. 21:9–19.

Shahabuddin, et al. 2005. Changes of dung beetle communities from rainforests towards agroforestry systems and annual cultures in Sulawesi (Indonesia). Biodiv. and Cons. 14:863–877.

Slade, E. M., et al. 2011. Biodiv. and ecosystem function of tropical forest dung beetles under contrasting logging regimes. Biol. Cons. 144:166–174.


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