Ecological Archives E094-113-A2

Arthur D. Middleton, Matthew J. Kauffman, Douglas E. McWhirter, John G. Cook, Rachel C. Cook, Abigail A. Nelson, Michael D. Jimenez, Robert W. Klaver. 2013. Animal migration amid shifting patterns of phenology and predation: lessons from a Yellowstone elk herd. Ecology 94:1245–1256. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/11-2298.1

Appendix B (Table B1). Average percentage body fat estimated for migratory vs. resident elk in winters 2008–2010 and summers 2008 and 2009. P values are for two-sample t tests.

 

Migratory

 

Resident

 

 

n

x

SE

 

n

x

SE

p value

Winter 2008

10

5.77

0.80

11

5.45

0.76

0.79

Winter 2009

19

8.14

0.70

14

4.96

0.68

0.002

Winter 2010

21

7.86

0.62

18

4.68

0.52

0.001

Summers 2008–2009

Lactating

12

10.45

0.64

19

10.70

0.51

0.76

Nonlactating

24

17.42

0.48

 

8

12.88

0.52

<0.001


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