Ecological Archives E094-267-A1

George Livingston, Yuexin Jiang, Jeremy W. Fox, Mathew A. Leibold. 2013. The dynamics of community assembly under sudden mixing in experimental microcosms. Ecology 94:2898–2906. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/12-1993.1

Appendix A. Summary table of species used in the experiment.

Table A1. Summary of species used in the experiment. Trial prey refer to those species used as prey during the feeding trial. Per = Peranema sp.; Tetra = Tetrahymena pyriformis; Col = Colpidium striata; Chl = Chlorella vulgaris; Crypto = Cryptomonas erosa; Chloro = Chloromonas clathrata. (-) signifies not applicable.

Species

Type

Trophic Guild

Pre-mix Pers. Prob.
(mean, N, SE)

Post-mix Pers. Prob.
(mean, N, SE)

Trial Prey

Cell Biovolume

Supporting Guild/Biovolume Citations

Culture Source

Colpoda sp.

Protist

Bacterivore

0.00, 17, 0.000

-

Chl

-

Violle et al. 2010 (1)

Jiang Lab

Euplotes diadaleos

Protist

Bacterivore

0.63, 16, 0.125

0.90, 10, 0.100

Chl

-

Kusch et al. 1995 (2)

Jiang Lab

Halteria grandinella

Protist

Bacterivore

0.75, 32, 0.078

0.96, 25, 0.040

Chl

-

Jiang et al. 2011 (3)

Jiang Lab

Spirostomum sp.

Protist

Bacterivore

0.21, 14, 0.114

0.67, 3, 0.333

Per/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Unk. Ciliate

Protist

Bacterivore

0.64, 28, 0.092

0.81, 16, 0.101

Chl

-

 

Jiang Lab

Uronema sp.

Protist

Bacterivore

1.00, 25, 0.000

1.00, 25, 0.000

Chl

-

 

Jiang Lab

Brachionus calyciflorus

Rotifer

Herbivore

0.00, 12, 0.000

-

-

-

Mohr and Adrian 2002 (4)

Fussman Lab

Brachionus havanensis

Rotifer

Herbivore

0.00, 8, 0.000

-

-

-

Mohr and Adrian 2002 (4)

Fussman Lab

Brachionus rubens

Rotifer

Herbivore

0.10, 10, 0.100

0.00, 1

-

-

Aránguiz-Acuña et al. 2011 (5)

Fussman Lab

Paramecium caudatum

Protist

Herbivore

0.55, 11, 0.157

0.83, 6, 0.167

Per/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Paramecium sp. 1

Protist

Herbivore

0.92, 13, 0.077

0.83, 12, 0.112

Per/Chloro

-

 

Jiang Lab

Unk. Rotifer

Rotifer

Herbivore

0.83, 12, 0.112

1.00, 10, 0.000

Per/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Glaucoma scintellans

Protist

Omnivore (b/h)

0.94, 34, 0.041

0.69, 32, 0.083

Per/Chloro

-

 

Jiang Lab

Loxocephalus sp.

Protist

Omnivore (b/h)

0.77, 40, 0.067

0.60, 30, 0.091

Per/Chloro

-

Jiang et al. 2011 (3)

Jiang Lab

Paramecium bursaria

Protist

Omnivore (b/h)

0.83, 35, 0.065

0.76, 29, 0.081

Per/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Tetrahymena pyriformis

Protist

Omnivore (b/h)

0.56, 34, 0.086

0.16, 19, 0.086

Per/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Tetrahymena thermophila

Protist

Omnivore (b/h)

0.58, 26, 0.099

0.40, 15, 0.131

Per/Chloro

-

 

Jiang Lab

Colpidium kleini

Protist

Omnivore (b/h/p)

0.74, 34, 0.077

0.84, 25, 0.075

Per/Chloro

-

 

Jiang Lab

Colpidium striatum

Protist

Omnivore (b/h/p)

0.45, 33, 0.088

0.67, 15, 0.126

Per/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Euplotes patella

Protist

Omnivore (b/h/p)

0.59, 34, 0.086

0.89, 19, 0.072

Per/Chloro

-

Holyoak and Sachdev 1998 (6), Fox 2004 (7)

Carolina Biological Supply

Tetrahymena vorax

Protist

Omnivore (b/h/p)

0.80, 30, 0.074

0.83, 23, 0.081

Col/Chloro

-

 

Jiang Lab

Paramecium sp. 2

Protist

Omnovore (p/h)

0.90, 31, 0.054

1.00, 28, 0.000

Per/Chloro

-

 

Jiang Lab

Amoeba proteus

Protist

Predator

0.25, 12, 0.131

0.67, 3, 0.333

Col/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Asplanchna brightwelli

Rotifer

Predator

0.31, 16, 0.120

0.60, 5, 0.245

Col/Crypto

-

 

Fussman Lab

Blepharisma americanum

Protist

Predator

1.00, 12, 0.000

0.92, 12, 0.083

Col/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Dileptus monilatus

Protist

Predator

0.50, 8, 0.189

0.50, 4, 0.289

Tetra/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Stentor coeruleus

Protist

Predator

0.70, 10, 0.153

0.57, 7, 0.202

Col/Chloro

-

 

Carolina Biological Supply

Unk. Protist sp.

Protist

Predator

0.90, 10, 0.100

1.00, 9, 0.000

Tetra/Chloro

-

 

Unknown

Campylomonas reflexa

Globular alga

Edible to protists

1.00, 24, 0.000

0.96, 24, 0.042

-

1507

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Globular alga

Edible to protists

0.92, 24, 0.058

0.71, 21, 0.101

-

45

Elena Litchman

Carolina Biological Supply

Chloromonas clathrata

Globular alga

Edible to protists

1.00, 20, 0.000

0.90, 20, 0.069

-

179.5

UTEX photos

UTEX

Chroomonas pochmanii

Globular alga

Edible to protists

0.12, 25, 0.066

0.00, 3, 0.000

-

151

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Cryptomonas erosa

Globular alga

Edible to protists

0.77, 26, 0.084

0.25, 20, 0.099

-

1507

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Vischeria helvetica

Globular alga

Edible to protists

1.00, 16, 0.000

1.00, 16, 0.000

-

381.51

Algaebase (8)

UTEX

Ankistrodesmus falcatus var. aci

Non-globular alga

Edible to rotifers

1.00, 21, 0.000

1.00, 21, 0.000

-

151

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Chlorokybus atmophyticus

Non-globular alga

Edible to rotifers

0.82, 17, 0.095

0.50, 14, 0.139

-

267.95

UTEX photos

UTEX

Colacium vesiculosum

Non-globular alga

Edible to rotifers

0.29, 24, 0.095

0.33, 6, 0.211

-

492

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Pediastrum sp.

Non-globular alga

Edible to rotifers

0.95, 21, 0.048

0.95, 21, 0.048

-

3200

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Scenedesmus gladiosum

Non-globular alga

Edible to rotifers

1.00, 23, 0.000

0.96, 23, 0.043

-

300

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Sellaphora pupula var. rectangularis

Non-globular alga

Edible to rotifers

0.43, 23, 0.106

0.60, 10, 0.163

-

266.24

UTEX photos

UTEX

Anabaena sp.

Filamentous alga

Inedible

1.00, 26, 0.000

0.96, 26, 0.038

-

-

 

UTEX

Atractomorpha echinata

Filamentous alga

Inedible

1.00, 16, 0.000

0.44, 16, 0.128

-

-

 

UTEX

Boldia erythrosiphon

Filamentous alga

Inedible

0.06, 17, 0.059

0.00, 1

-

-

 

UTEX

Closterium acerosum

Globular alga

Inedible

1.00, 13, 0.000

0.92, 13, 0.077

-

175840

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Eudorina unicocca var. periphe

Globular alga

Inedible

1.00, 15, 0.000

0.80, 15, 0.107

-

268, 8 cells per colony

Olenina et al. 2006 (9)

UTEX

Haematococcus lacustris

Globular alga

Inedible

1.00, 11, 0.000

1.00, 11, 0.000

-

6000

Weger et al. 2002 (10)

UTEX

Oscillatoria amoena

Filamentous alga

Inedible

1.00, 23, 0.000

1.00, 23, 0.000

-

-

 

UTEX

Pleodorina californica

Globular alga

Inedible

0.78, 9, 0.147

0.40, 5, 0.245

-

33493.33

Prescott 1962 (11)

UTEX

Spirogyra occidentalis

Filamentous alga

Inedible

1.00, 23, 0.000

0.87, 23, 0.072

-

-

 

UTEX

Staurastrum gladiosum

Globular alga

Inedible

0.83, 12, 0.112

0.60, 10, 0.163

-

1616

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Volvox rousseletti

Globular alga

Inedible

0.33, 12, 0.142

0.25, 4, 0.250

-

8000–17000, cell size 45

Elena Litchman

UTEX

Zygnema circumcarinatum

Filamentous alga

Inedible

0.95, 21, 0.048

0.80, 20, 0.092

-

-

 

UTEX

Supporting citations:

1. Violle C., Z. Pu and L. Jiang. 2010. Experimental demonstration of the importance of competition under disturbance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences107:12925–12929.

2. Kusch, J. 1995. Adaptation of inducible defenses in Euplotes diadaleos (Ciliophora) to predation risks by various predators. Microbial Ecology 30:79–88.

3. Jiang L., H. Joshi, S. K. Flakes and Y. Jung. 2011. Alternative community compositional and dynamical states: the dual consequences of assembly history. Journal of Animal Ecology80:577–585.

4. Mohr, S., and R. Adrian. 2002. Reproductive success of the rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus feeding on ciliates and flagellates of different trophic modes. Freshwater Biology 47:1832–1839.

5. Aránguiz-Acuña A., R. Ramos-Jiliberto, and R. O. Bustamante. 2011. Experimental evidence that induced defenses promote coexistence of zooplanktonic populations. Journal of Plankton Research 33:469–477.

6. Holyoak, M., and S. Sachdev. 1998. Omnivory and the stability of simple food webs. Oecologia117:413–419.

7. Fox, J. W. 2004. Effects of algal and herbivore diversity on the partitioning of biomass within and among trophic levels. Ecology85:549–559.

8. www.algaebase.org/search/?genus=Vischeria

9. Olenina, I., S. Hajdu, L. Edler, A. Andersson, N. Wasmund, S. Busch, et al. 2006. Biovolumes and size-classes of phytoplankton in the Baltic Sea.

10. Weger H. G., J. K. Middlemiss and C. D. Petterson. 2002. Ferric chelate reductase activity as affected by the iron-limited growth rate in four species of unicellular green algae (Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 38:513–519.

11. Prescott, G. W. 1962. Algae of the Western Great Lakes Area. Revised ed. Brown, Dubuque, Iowa, USA.


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