Ecological Archives E095-168-A4

Tanja Rottstock, Jasmin Joshi, Volker Kummer, Markus Fischer. 2014. Higher plant diversity promotes higher diversity of fungal pathogens, while it decreases pathogen infection per plant. Ecology 95:1907–1917. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/13-2317.1

Appendix D. Complete list of sampled pathogen species across seasons.

Table D1. List of pathogen species as determined on leaf samples across all seasons. Pathogen species are listed by pathogen group and by host functional group. Information on the degree of pathogen specialization on a plant-species, genus, or family level (including restrictions to a narrow range of species (*), or genera (#)) as well as the ability to complete a heteroecious life cycle (§) is provided. Taxonomy and degree of pathogen specialization followed Gäumann (1959), Schüepp (1959), Braun (1982, 1995a,b), Brandenburger (1985), Vánky (1994), Ellis and Ellis (1997), Klenke (1998), and Braun and Cook (2012).

Pathogen species

Pathogen
functional group

Degree of specialization

Host
functional group

Host species

Peronospora trifolii-arvensis Syd.

Downy Mildew

Genus (*)

Legume

Trifolium campestre

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium dubium

Peronospora trifolii-hybridi Gäum.

Downy Mildew

Genus (*)

Legume

Trifolium hybridum

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium pratense

Bremia lactucae Regel s.l.

Downy Mildew

Family

Tall herb

Centaurea jacea

 

 

 

Tall herb

Leontodon autumnalis

Peronospora galii Fuckel

Downy Mildew

Genus (*)

Tall herb

Galium mollugo

Peronospora knautiae Fuckel ex J. Schröt.

Downy Mildew

Family (#)

Tall herb

Knautia arvensis

Plasmopara pusilla (de Bary) J. Schröt.

Downy Mildew

Genus (*)

Tall herb

Geranium pratense

Pustula obtusata (Link) C. Rost

Downy Mildew

Genus

Tall herb

Tragopogon pratensis

Erysiphe pisi DC.

Powdery Mildew

Family

Legume

Vicia cracca

Erysiphe trifoliorum (Wallr.) U. Braun

Powdery Mildew

Family

Legume

Lathyrus pratensis

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium hybridum

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium pratense

Podosphaera erigerontis-canadensis (Lév.) U. Braun & T.Z. Liu

Powdery Mildew

Family

Small herb

Taraxacum officinale

Podosphaera plantaginis (Castagne) U. Braun & S. Takam.

Powdery Mildew

Genus (*)

Small herb

Plantago lanceolata

Erysiphe heraclei DC.

Powdery Mildew

Family

Tall herb

Heracleum sphondylium

Erysiphe knautiae Duby

Powdery Mildew

Family

Tall herb

Knautia arvensis

Erysiphe aquilegiae DC. var. ranunculi (Grev.) R.Y. Zheng & G.Q. Chen

Powdery Mildew

Family

Tall herb

Ranunculus acris

Golovinomyces cichoracearum (DC.) Heluta

Powdery Mildew

Family

Tall herb

Tragopogon pratensis

Golovinomyces montagnei U. Braun

Powdery Mildew

Family (#).

Tall herb

Centaurea jacea

 

 

 

Tall herb

Cirsium oleraceum

Podosphaera ferruginea (Schltdl.) U. Braun & S. Takam.

Powdery Mildew

Genus

Tall herb

Sanguisorba officinalis

Podosphaera fugax (Penz. & Sacc.) U. Braun & S. Takam.

Powdery Mildew

Genus

Tall herb

Geranium pratense

Cercosporidium graminis (Fuckel) Deighton

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family

Grass

Alopecurus pratensis

 

 

 

Grass

Avenula pubescens

 

 

 

Grass

Cynusurus cristatus

 

 

 

Grass

Phleum pratense

Colletotrichum graminicola (Ces.) G.W. Wilson

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family

Grass

Dactylis glomerata

Epicoccum nigrum Link

Leaf-Spot Disease

Ubiquist

Grass

Cynusurus cristatus

Botrytis cinerea Pers.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Ubiquist

Legume

Lathyrus pratensis

Pseudopeziza trifolii (Biv.) Fuckel

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family (#)

Legume

Medicago lupulina

 

 

 

Legume

Medicago x varia

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium pratense

Ramularia onobrychidis Allesch.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Genus

Legume

Onobrychis viciifolia

Septoria onobrychidis Bondartsev

Leaf-Spot Disease

Genus

Legume

Onobrychis viciifolia

Stemphylium botryosum Wallr.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Ubiquist

Legume

Onobrychis viciifolia

Ramularia cf. chamaedryos (Lindr.) Gunnerb.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Species

Small herb

Veronica chamaedrys

Ramularia primulae Thüm.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Genus (*)

Small herb

Primula veris

Septoria leontodontis A.L. Sm.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Genus

Small herb

Leontodon autumnalis

Phloeospora heraclei (Lib.) Petr.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Genus

Tall herb

Heracleum sphondylium

Ramularia chaerophylli Ferraris

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family (#)

Tall herb

Anthriscus sylvestris

Ramularia heraclei (Oudem.) Sacc.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family (#)

Tall herb

Heracleum sphondylium

Ramularia simplex Pass.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family (#)

Tall herb

Ranunculus acris

Septoria carvi Syd.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Genus

Tall herb

Carum carvi

Septoria leucanthemi Sacc. & Speg.

Leaf-Spot Disease

Family (#)

Tall herb

Leucanthemum vulgare

Puccinia coronata Corda (§)

Rust

Family

Grass

Alopecurus pratensis

 

 

 

Grass

Arrhenatherum elatius

 

 

 

Grass

Bromus erectus

 

 

 

Grass

Dactylis glomerata

 

 

 

Grass

Festuca pratensis

 

 

 

Grass

Holcus lanatus

 

 

 

Grass

Poa pratensis

Puccinia graminis Pers. (§)

Rust

Family

Grass

Alopecurus pratensis

 

 

 

Grass

Arrhenatherum elatius

 

 

 

Grass

Cynusurus cristatus

 

 

 

Grass

Dactylis glomerata

 

 

 

Grass

Festuca pratensis

Puccinia obscura J. Schröt. (§)

Rust

Genus

Grass

Luzula campestris

Uromyces cf. fallens (Arthur) Barthol.

Rust

Genus (*)

Legume

Trifolium campestre

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium dubium

 

 

 

Legume

Trifolium pratense

Uromyces euphorbiae-corniculati Jordi (§)

Rust

Genus (*)

Legume

Lotus corniculatus

Uromyces fischeri-eduardi Magnus (§)

Rust

Genus (*)

Legume

Vicia cracca

Uromyces flectens Lagerh.

Rust

Genus

Legume

Trifolium repens

Uromyces onobrychidis Bubák (§)

Rust

Genus (*)

Legume

Onobrychis viciifolia

Uromyces pisi (DC.) G.H. Otth (§)

Rust

Family (#)

Legume

Lathyrus pratensis

Uromyces striatus J. Schröt. (§)

Rust

Family (#)

Legume

Medicago lupulina

Uromyces trifolii-repentis Liro

Rust

Genus (*)

Legume

Trifolium hybridum

Uromyces viciae-fabae (Pers.) J. Schröt.

Rust

Family (#)

Legume

Vicia cracca

Puccinia glechomatis DC.

Rust

Species

Small herb

Glechoma hederacea

Puccinia lagenophorae Cooke

Rust

Family

Small herb

Bellis perennis

Puccinia leontodontis Jacky

Rust

Genus

Small herb

Leontodon autumnalis

 

 

 

Small Herb

Leontodon hispidus

Puccinia punctata Link

Rust

Family (#)

Small herb

Galium mollugo

Puccinia taraxaci Plowr.

Rust

Genus

Small herb

Taraxacum officinale

Aecidium ranunculi-acris Pers. (§)

Rust

Genus

Tall herb

Ranunculus acris

Coleosporium campanulae (Pers.) Lév. (§)

Rust

Family

Tall herb

Campanula patula

Puccinia acetosae Körn.

Rust

Genus (*)

Tall herb

Rumex acetosa

Puccinia centaureae DC.

Rust

Genus (*)

Tall herb

Centaurea jacea

Puccinia laschii Lagerh. var. laschii

Rust

Genus

Tall herb

Cirsium oleraceum

Puccinia praecox Bubák

Rust

Genus

Tall herb

Crepis biennis

Uromyces geranii (DC.) Fr.

Rust

Family (#)

Tall herb

Geranium pratense

Ustilago avenae (Pers.) Rostr.

Smut

Family (#)

Grass

Arrhenatherum elatius

Literature cited

Brandenburger, W. 1985. Parasitische Pilze an Gefäßpflanzen in Europa. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, New York.

Braun, U. 1982. Die Rostpilze (Uredinales) der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Feddes Repertertorium 93:213–333.

Braun, U. 1995a. A monograph of Cercosporella, Ramularia and allied genera (Phytopathogenic Hyphomycetes) Vol. 2. IHW-Verlag, Eching.

Braun, U. 1995b. The powdery mildews (Erysiphales) of Europe. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, Stuttgart, New York.

Braun, U., and R. T. A. Cook. 2012. Taxonomy manual of the Erysiphales (Powdery Mildews). CBS, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Ellis, M. B., and J. P. Ellis. 1997. Microfungi on land plants. Richmond Publishing, Slough.

Gäumann, E. 1959. Die Rostpilze Mitteleuropas mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Schweiz. Büchler and Co., Bern.

Schüepp, H. 1959. Untersuchungen über Pseudopezizoideae sensu Nannfeldt.- Phytopathologische Zeitschrift 36:213–269.

Vánky, K. 1994. European smut fungi. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New York.


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